A Scratch built Warehouse

[ Home ] [ Up ] [ Previous Page ] [ Next Page ]

finished warehouseThis page describes the construction of a scratch built warehouse building in approximately 1:32 scale. The warehouse has two loading docks, the one on the short side is for trucks and the longer one parallels a siding where freight would be transferred to railcars from the stock stored in the warehouse. There are a few windows in a corner where the office is, but other than that, there are just several sets of double doors leading out to the docks.

The structure is made primarily of door skin 1/4" mahogany plywood covered with corrugated metal siding. The foundation is made from 1:32 scale cement JigStones. The docks themselves are poured cement. The plywood and JigStones are glued together with Lexel adhesive and the siding is attached with a combination of Lexel and Liquid Nails LN-901 adhesive. The smaller doors and windows were cast with both Alumilite resin and Polytek 1512X resin using the JigStones window mold. The double doors were cast with resin in a rubber mold made from a homemade master and several different mold rubbers.

The structure is large (28" long x 20" wide x 15" high) and fairly plain but it served several needs. First it provided some significant practice in the construction of a large free standing structure intended to be left outdoors year around. Second it is a test article for the survivability of the construction techniques used.

wiring messMuch more important, the structure is designed to cover, protect and conceal this awful mess of wiring right out in the middle of my layout. It was my intention to build a structure like this from the beginning, it has just taken me 4 years to do it. In the meantime, the wiring connection board was covered with a scenic paint bucket.

top of warehouse foundationIn previous work with JigStones, I had used Liquid Nails to glue them together. This time I decided to try Lexel, a significantly more expensive, but also significantly stronger adhesive. This adhesive worked out very well in this application. It cures to a more flexible bond than Liquid Nails, but it also adheres to the cement blocks better too.

bottom of warehouse foundationThe docks were poured in cement inside the foundation walls. A sheet of 1/8" hardware cloth is cast into the dock surfaces to reinforce them. The docks in both of these photos were cast in Quikrete Quick Set cement. During the fit check shown in the next photo, the concrete actually broke even though it was nearly cured. I broke the rest of the larger section out and replaced it with RapidSet Cement All. When that set, there were no more problems with broken concrete.

fit checkThe foundation was placed around the wiring mess just to make sure that it would fit properly. There is adequate clearance. The cracks in the larger dock can be seen in this photo. By the time that I got it back to the workbench, most of the larger dock section had literally fallen out.

warehouse shellThe shell of the building is made with 1/4" mahogany plywood, commonly called door skin. This can be found at most lumber yards in 4' x 8' sheets. Other kinds of plywood can be used as well. Plywood is not normally a good material to use for outdoor structures, but in this case it will be adequately protected. First, it was sealed with acrylic clear coat inside and out after assembly. Second, it will be covered with aluminum siding. Third, it is protected from contact with the soil by the concrete building foundation. The foundation was stiffened by a 1/4" x 1/2" redwood footer board attached around the foundation with Lexel adhesive. The four major panels are attached to the foundation and redwood footer with Lexel adhesive. The corners of the shell are reinforced with small JigStones blocks attached with Lexel.

warehouse roofThe roof was also made from door skin and assembled with Lexel. The roof is designed to be removable and the end frames just fit within the building shell. This means that the roof must be lifted straight off or it will bind and jam. This is intentional so that wind gusts may be able to move the roof around, but will not be able to lift it off.

bare warehouseThe shell was completed with the addition of an awning roof over the two docks. The awning is supported by 1/4" x 1/4" redwood posts that are set into footings left in the docks by a small piece of similar material that was cast in place when the docks were poured and then pounded out later.

partially completed dockside viewThe corrugated can material is attached to the shell with liberal amounts of Liquid Nails LN-901 adhesive. This material sticks to the cans and does a fair job of holding them in place from the initial installation. If the can material is slightly warped, it may pull away from the adhesive, but after 15 minutes or so it can be pressed back into place and it'll stick the second time.

I had to quit construction at this point because I ran out of cans for the second time. The roof took one case worth or cans and the awnings and partially completed walls took another case worth. A third case worth of cans should be enough to finish the building.

double doorsThe double doors seen in the last photo were replicated from a homemade master made from several different mold made with different rubbers. I cast a total of 7 door sets with 2 different resins and one more with concrete in 3 different molds.

finished warehouseThe completed warehouse is installed in its final location. It is currently sitting on a sand foundation and is at approximately the right height. All that the sand needs is a light wetting and it'll set up hard and make a firm foundation for the building.

I had planned to paint the corrugated cans and then weather them using an airbrush. However, the as-annealed condition of the cans doesn't look half bad by itself so I have elected to delay painting and weathering until the sun has had a chance to do its work.

There are a few things left to do. I need to hang a sign from the awning as soon I can dream up a clever business name. I will also post a sign saying "office" above the office door. Also, if I can figure out how to do it, I am going to paint a badly faded "Mail Pouch" sign on the roof like was seen on many rural buildings during the first part of the 20th century.

wiring coveredGetting back to the original purpose of this building shows that it does exactly what it was intended to. The wiring is completely covered and protected from the weather yet is still easily accessible. The only thing to do is to wait for the next wind storm to see if the roof blows off. The building itself will probably not blow away because it weighs nearly 10 lbs.

sun faded warehouseAfter just two weeks in the summer sun, the brown cast of the cans has been virtually bleached out. Maybe it'll take some weathering after all, but I'm going to let it sit all summer before starting weathering to see what really needs to be done.

[ Top ] [ Home ] [ Up ] [ Previous Page ] [ Next Page ]

This page has been accessed hit counter times since 10 June 00.

© 2000-2002 George Schreyer
Created June 10, 2000
Last Updated September 21, 2002