Trans Atlantic and Mediterranean Cruise 2008

Thursday, February 14, 2008

It's just two weeks since we got back from the last trip to Antarctica and, again, another one is in the works. This time, we'll be cruising across the Atlantic from Florida to the Mediterranean in the springtime. We'll be leaving in just two months.

Some of our travel arrangements may look a little odd, but Sandy worked around the airline's bizarre fare schedules to find some really good fares. Our fare from LAX to Orlando is $105/head, the train fare to Fort Lauderdale is $26/head and our flight back from Venice is $650/head with taxes. If we wanted to travel back a day earlier, the fare was over $2000/head.

The plan is to fly directly to Orlando and visit Disney World (never been there) and the next day visit some other attraction in Orlando. These are our travel margin days, if we are late getting there, one of these days gets scrapped. Then we take a day to travel by train to Fort Lauderdale, stay in a hotel that night and then get on the ship the next day. After the cruise ends in Venice Italy, we'll spend essentially two days kicking around and fly out late on the 2nd day. We'll have an all night layover in Dublin (we pick up some hours due to the time change) and then fly back to LAX the following day. Dublin is nearly on a great circle route from Venice to Los Angeles so that it doesn't even take us out of our way.

We'll yet again have an inside cabin, this time on the Grand Princess, a nearly identical ship to the Star Princess on which we went to Antarctica on. The cruise was booked through for about $100/day. This is really two cruises back to back. The part from Fort Lauderdale to Rome is another repositioning cruise to get the ship back to it's stomping grounds for the summer. The second part is a regular Mediterranean cruise.

Grand Princess Grand Princess Specifications
Decks 18
Passenger Elevators 14
Passengers 2600
Crew 1150
Gross Tonnage (based on volume) 109,000
Net Tonnage (displacement) 71,763
Length 951 ft
Width 118 ft
Draft 27.7 ft
Built 1998
Bow Thrusters 3 units, 2992 bhp
Stern Thrusters 3 units, 2334 bhp
Props 2 x 6 blades
Main Diesel Engines 4 x 11.5 MW
(14,500 bhp)
2 x 8.6 MW
(11,300 bhp)
Cruising Speed 22.5 knots

Our itinerary is:
Day Date Port of Call
Day 1 08 Apr 08 Fly to Orlando, Florida
Day 2 09 Apr 08 Orlando, Florida
Day 3 10 Apr 08 Orlando, Florida
Day 4 11 Apr 08 Train to Fort Lauderdale
Day 5 12 Apr 08 Depart Fort Lauderdale FL
Day 6 13 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 7 14 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 8 15 Apr 08 Dominica
Day 9 16 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 10 17 Apr 08 Devil's Island, French Guiana
Day 11 18 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 12 19 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 13 20 Apr 08 Fortaleza, Brazil
Day 14 21 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 15 22 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 16 23 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 17 24 Apr 08 Dakar, Senegal
Day 18 25 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 19 26 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 20 27 Apr 08 Casablanca, Morocco
Day 21 28 Apr 08 Gibraltar
Day 22 29 Apr 08 At Sea
Day 23 30 Apr 08 Cannes, France
Day 24 01 May 08 Florence/Pisa (Livorno), Italy
Day 25 02 May 08 Rome (Civitavecchia), Italy
Day 26 03 May 08 Monte Carlo, Monaco
Day 27 04 May 08 Florence/Pisa (Livorno), Italy
Day 28 05 May 08 Naples/Capri, Italy
Day 29 06 May 08 At Sea, Messina Straits
Day 30 07 May 08 Santorini, Greece
Day 31 08 May 08 Kusadasi (Ephesus), Turkey
Day 32 09 May 08 Myknons, Greece
Day 33 10 May 08 Athens (Piraeus), Greece
Day 34 11 May 08 Katakolon (Olympia), Greece
Day 35 12 May 08 Corfu, Greece
Day 36 13 May 08 At Sea
Day 37 14 May 08 Venice, Italy, Disembark
Day 38 15 May 08 Venice, Italy
Day 39 16 May 08 Depart Venice, Arrive Dublin late
Day 40 17 May 08 Depart Dublin, Arrive LAX

Grand Princess Deck Plans

Sky Deck Sports Deck Sun Deck Lido Deck Aloha Deck
Sky Deck
Sports Deck
Sports Deck
Sun Deck
Lido Deck
Aloha Deck
Baja Deck Caribe Deck Dolphin Deck Emerald Deck Promenade Deck
Baja Deck
Caribe Deck
Dolphin Deck
Emerald Deck
Promenade Deck
Fiesta Deck Plaza Deck Gala Deck    
Fiesta Deck
Plaza Deck
Gala Deck

Thursday, February 14, 2008

We have received our cabin assignment, Caribe 711. Our cabin is immediately behind the aft elevators and there are laundry rooms directly above and below. There could be just a little noise in this room.

Friday, March 14, 2008

To accommodate the stop at Fortaleza, Brazil, we needed yellow fever inoculations. Brazil requires this for for travelers coming from French Guiana. Further, we need a Brazilian visas to enter Brazil. It took several weeks to arrange the inoculation through Kaiser. Last week, we drove to the Brazilian Consulate in West LA and paid them $260 for the visas. We had to leave our passports at the consulate while the visas were being processed. We still need to go back there next week to pick up the visas and passports. Then we drove down to Kaiser to actually get the inoculations. As it turns out, Sandy didn't need any but they stuck me three times for stuff that I was missing and then said I needed to come back the next day for the yellow fever shot. This is all done, but this one stop has turned out to be a major pain in the backside, and expensive too.

Tuesday, April 8, 2008, Orlando Florida, about 1830 EDT

Our flight from LAX to Orlando was uneventful if not a little bumpy at the end. We took a local bus from the airport to the Rodeway Inn out near the tourist area west of the airport. It was about an hour bus ride but it cost on $1.75/head. Tomorrow is probably Disney World. However right now it's time to go down to the lobby and make arrangements.

We didn't find out until after we arrived in Orlando that American Airlines had cancelled 500 flights today. Fortunately for us, our's wasn't one of them.

Wednesday, April 9, 2008, Orlando Florida, about 2200 EDT

Today, we went to Disney World, specifically the Magic Kingdom part of Disney World. Unlike Disneyland/California Adventure/Downtown Disney which are all concentrated on a relatively small parcel of land in the middle of Anaheim California, Disney World is spread out over 1000's of acres of natural Florida forest with monorail and buses connecting the various parks. The Magic Kingdom is very similar to Disneyland but there is no Matterhorn and no submarine ride. I haven't been to Disneyland in many years and I was a little surprised about the admission price, one day is about $77.

Our hotel, the Rodeway Inn, is on International Drive which is where virtually all of the attractions and resorts are except Disney World which is it's own major complex in itself, a little southwest of the rest of the stuff. International Drive is itself southwest of downtown Orlando. We got to Disney World and back on public transportation with one bus transfer. We arrived at about 1100 and left when were were both used up at about 1900. The only downside of the trip is that when we went back to ride Space Mountain one more time before we left, it had just broken. I knew that there was a problem when people were streaming OUT of the entrance.

Sandy's Canon S2IS digital camera died this morning also, but before we actually left. It succumbed to a known failure for that model. The imager died. When we got off the bus, we went into several camera shops that were right near the hotel looking for a replacement. We may have found a Canon S5IS, but the guy also tried to sell us a Fuji which appeared to work a little better. So he blew the immediate sale because Sandy now has to research the details of the two models on the internet. She just left to go down to the lobby to do that. She'll probably pick one to buy tomorrow night after we get back from a tour to the Kennedy Space Center. That tour leaves early tomorrow morning from a hotel a few blocks away.

Thursday, April 10, 2008, Orlando FL, about 2045 EDT

vab.jpgToday we took a bus trip to the Kennedy Space Center. KSC has a very well developed and organized visitor facility. There are four major regions which tourists can visit, a large visitor center, a gantry about halfway between the Vehicle Assembly Building (picture) and Pad 39B (next picture), a complex specifically developed to display the moon program, and the facility that integrates the International Space Station components. There are NASA provided tour busses that shuttle visitors between these four locations.

pad_39b.jpgBoth pads 39A and 39B were used for shuttle launches, but since there are only about 10 shuttle launches to go before the program ends, only pad 39B is now used for the shuttle. Pad 39A is being rebuilt to serve the Constellation (return to the moon) program. Pad 39A will service the Aires rocket initially.

saturn_v_engines.jpgAt the moon program facility there is an ENTIRE Saturn V rocket on display INDOORS. This is one big rocket and you an walk underneath it's whole length. There are also displays of the moon rover and lunar lander. The whole facility was built with revenue generated over 20+ years of "profits" made from food, gift and entry fee concessions. The food was not cheap, but at least it was good.

We had a little issue as we were leaving the hotel in the morning. We went down one flight of stairs and Sandy fell on the last step and injured her ankle. She was able to walk on it the whole day by being careful but it is now quite swollen and very sore. However, it is not black and blue so the likely sprain is apparently not too severe.

There are five camera shops within 3 blocks of our hotel. Last night we went into several of them looking for new camera to replace the one that died. Only one of the shops that we visited had a Canon S5IS model. The sales guy there tried to switch us to another camera. It turns out, via Sandy's research on the Internet, that the Fuji camera was a discontinued model AND he claimed an initial price that was fully twice MSRP. He then "discounted" the camera by over 50%. Right away, we could smell a rat. It turns out that the camera he wanted $300 for is currently selling at a closeout price at Amazon for $120. After comparing specs, Sandy decided that she really wanted the S5IS. We went to the other shops again this evening before they closed like last night and nobody but that one shop had one. We went back in to that shop and the manager of the place would not sell the camera at the price offered last night ($279, Amazon's price was $299) if we wanted to use a credit card. He wouldn't even take $300 on a credit card. We're not giving a cameral shop cash. We could not come to a deal so we walked.

Tomorrow, we take a cab to the Orlando Amtrak station for a ride on Amtrak to Fort Lauderdale. We'll overnight in a hotel there and then make our way to the ship.

Friday, April 11, 2008, Orlando Florida, about 0950 EDT

orlando_amtrak_station.jpgWe caught a cab to the train station at 0900 and got here 15 minutes later. Our train is scheduled to depart at 1031, but it's running nearly an hour late.

When we got here, I was surprised to find a mission style station in Florida. I had just finished building a freelance version of a mission style station for my backyard train layout just before we left on this trip.

seaboard_coast_lines.jpgThis station was originally built by the Seaboard Coast Lines. It is now operated by Amtrak. The Amtrack trains run on CSX owned track.

silver_meteor_map.jpgOur train, number 91, the Silver Star, will take over 5 hours to go between Orlando and Fort Lauderdale via Tampa. We will actually cross over the state to hit Tampa and then come out the same way to head southeast again to reach Fort Lauderdale. This train originated yesterday in New York at 1052 and will reach Miami today at 1805, a 31 hour ride.

Update, Friday, April 11, 2008, Orlando Florida, about 1140 EDT

We're on the train running south across Florida. It'll take about 6 hours to reach Fort Lauderdale, slower than if we flew but much less expensive and the seats are MUCH better than airline coach. There is also AC power at each seat so I can use my computer, weak batteries and all.

The view of Florida from a train window isn't very spectacular considering that pretty the whole state is dead flat and the rail lines tend to go through less scenic areas. Nobody wants to build anything of real value next to a noisy rail line.

This train is pretty long and it is being pulled by two Genesis series locomotives. The ride is a little bumpy, but not any worse than most trains I have been on.

Update, Friday, April 11, 2008, Fort Lauderdale, about 2030 EDT

We've made it to the Hampton Inn in Fort Lauderdale without incident. Their airport shuttle also makes runs to the Amtrak station. We got a gourmet dinner at the Wendy's on the next block and settled in for the evening. Sandy's ankle is still swollen but she can walk on it.

Tomorrow the hotel provides a shuttle to the ship at 1130 tomorrow so we can sleep tomorrow morning.

Saturday, April 12, 2008, Port Everglades, about 1530 EDT

apr_12.jpgOur cruise leaves from Port Everglades at Fort Lauderdale. This port can hold four large cruise ships and a couple of smaller ones at the same time. These photos are from the navigator's map posted on deck 14.

We caught our shuttle on time and made in the ship just after noon. We dropped our stuff on in our cabin and went up to lunch. Our luggage has arrived and I've partially unpacked. Sandy is sleeping. In about a half hour, we will have the evacuation drill.

This ship is the original of the "Grand" class. It is very similar to the Star Princess on which we traveled to Antarctica earlier this year. Only a few things are in different places, 98% of the ship is exactly the same. One difference is that this ship has in-room wireless internet. However, the satellite link is currently down.

Sandy had unloaded her suitcase into a duffle and filled it with 2 liter bottles of diet Coke, 10 bottles worth, that we bought at the Winn-Dixie market near the Fort Lauderdale hotel. Her suitcase weighed in at over 90 lbs. We got some surprised looks from the shuttle driver, the porter that unloaded the shuttle and the porter that delivered the bags to our cabin. A "all you can drink" soda card is available on the ship, but it costs about $4.25/day, the 2 liter bottles were $1 each.

Sunday, April 13, 2008, At Sea, about 1630 EDT

apr_13.jpgOur first whole day out is "at sea." Repositioning cruises usually involve several stretches of several days at sea. This ship has to get from it winter cruising grounds, the Caribbean, to it's summer cruising grounds, the Mediterranean. The port stops on repositioning cruises are usually the more out-of-the-way places as well. Our cruise from Los Angeles to Auckland, New Zealand was also a repositioning cruise.

Obviously, the satellite link came up and the internet works as I was able to upload this page. We have an inside cabin again and there is no sunlight to wake us up so without an alarm, we slept past 0930. We skipped breakfast and went to a lecture by a forensics expert about the RFK assassination. Lunch is in about half an hour. I'll do my typical video tour of the ship today, but it will be pretty quick because this ship looks so much like the Star Princess that I know my way around and I'll be documenting primarily the differences.

Our stateroom is right aft of the elevators so, based on some experiences I've had in hotel rooms, I expected some considerable noise. I can hear it rumble past, but the sound is not as loud as the noise from the air conditioning and other ships noises. The are laundromats directly above and below this cabin, but they are closed after 2200 so that there is no noise from them either.

stateroom.jpgOur cabin is configured to accept four people, two in twin beds and two more in the fold down beds. This is an inconvenient configuration when the two twins are pushed together to make a queen bed as the folded up beds restrict access along the sides of queen bed. I've mashed either my head or shoulder against this bed several times already and I am just now learning to avoid it. Sandy can be seen reflected in the mirror above the bed and re-reflected in the mirror above the desk. The computers can be seen, reversed, on the desk as well.

big_screen.jpgI walked the ship looking for differences between the Grand Princess and the Star Princes on which we cruised in January. The Grand Princess was the first ship in this class, now there are four. The Star Princess was built to the same plan four years later, but there were some changes made, mostly minor. On change is that the Star Princess didn't have a really big screen TV outdoors. This ship runs "Movies Under the Stars" in the evenings. The screen isn't bright enough to be really useful during the day. It can be seen, but only from almost straight on. At night, it would look pretty good. The other changes were in the position of some of the less notable features. There is no wedding chapel on the Star Princess. The Internet Cafe, and some other offices were moved around. The kid's area on the Star Princess is aft, on the Grand Princess it is forward. Overall, it's the same ship.

menu.jpgThis is the menu for tonight, a formal dinner. We didn't bring formal clothes so we will probably get dinner in the Horizon cafe on Deck 14 instead. If you read the menu, you'll see that some of this stuff is pretty rich. At least it is portion controlled.

scale.jpgDue to the menu shown above, this device can be handy. If one is not careful, one can put on a lot of weight on a cruise, especially one that lasts for a month. The last cruise was about 16 days and I managed to hold my gain to 4 pounds. I hope to do the same on this cruise by avoiding the stuff that really packs it on (sweets, grains and the rich sauces) and sticking to my preferred diet anyway (seafood, fruits and vegetables). When I left home I was 192 lbs dripping wet after losing the weight I gained on the last cruise. I weighed myself dressed when I got on the ship and I was 202, implying 10 lbs of clothing AND the weight that I might have gained since I left home. I weighed myself today and it said 220! Then it said 184 then 216, then 190 and so on. The ship is rolling a little and the accelerations due to the movement are pretty significant. It is clear that to use the scale, we must be tied up in port.

I spent the afternoon trying out the various hot tubs and swimming pools. There are four swimming pools and at least 8 hot tubs scattered around the ship. At any given location, one of the hot tubs is set to "parboil" and the other is just hot.

Later, we went down to the tour desk to book some shore excursions, two of the three that we wanted were already sold out. Sandy had pre-booked the tours that she wanted most, a train to Marrakesh and a tour of the WWII tunnels at Gibraltar so we have those. We also got a trip to a "pink lake" at Dakar so we'll see some of the countryside there as well. It looks like the stops at Dominica and Fortaleza will be on our own. We learned a lesson on the Star Princess, but we didn't follow the lesson here, big ship + small port = sold out tours. Book early or there won't be anything left.

Monday, April 14, 2008, At Sea, about 1100 EDT

Last night, after dinner and a walk, we settled down on Deck 14 to watch "The Bourne Ultimatum" on the big screen. The showing was supposed to have been at 1900, but it was delayed until the Masters golf tournament finished on ESPN. The ship provided blankets and popcorn for the showing. Apparently, there are three films shown each sea day.

apr_14.jpgToday is another day at sea through the eastern Caribbean on our way to our first port-of-call, Dominica. We attended the port lecture for Dominica this morning. We don't have a tour set up for this port so we're just going to walk the 10 minutes into the main town of Rosseau and look around. The island is heavily forested and much of it is inaccessible. The snorkel trip was booked up and I didn't feel like doing a scuba trip. Dominica is a economically poor so we don't expect a lot. A recent boost to the economy occurred when Pirates of the Caribbean 2 and 3 were filmed on location in and around Dominica.

Before the port lecture, Sandy and I went for a walk on the Promenade Deck. Unlike the ms Statendam, the walkway around the ship is fairly narrow in spots and transitions between two decks. Most of the walk is on deck 7 with the portion around the bow on deck 8. The wind on the bow portion is fearsome. I had to lean forward and push hard through the wind on while walking forward and hold myself back from the tailwind while going aft around the other side. I figure that it is about 3/8 mile around the whole loop and about a quarter mile if one cuts through the ship on deck 7 to avoid the stairs to deck 8. Sandy is still recovering from a foot injury and her ankle is not yet flexible enough to deal with stairs although she can walk on flat surfaces without pain.

There is a cell phone repeater on this ship so that we have phone coverage, but at international roaming rates. This could run between $1 and $2.50 per minute, but I wouldn't be surprised if Princess hasn't figured out a way to charge more. So I am carrying Sandy's cell phone.

Tuesday, April 15, 2008, Dominica, about 1800 EDT

apr_15.jpgDominica was the port of call for today. Until 23 years ago, this island was part of the British Commonwealth. The next year, Dominica got hammered by a serious hurricane, from which they are still economically recovering.

There are about 70,000 people on this island, about 17,000 in the capital and largest city, Roseau. At various times, the island was under British or French control. There is still the influence of both here, especially in place names.

roseau.jpgRoseau is a town of contrasts. Mostly, it is run down and poor. Parts of it, especially down near the ocean, are in pretty good condition. There are no major resorts here and cruise ships visit only from October to May. The other months are hurricane season and the cruise lines just stay away from this part of the world.

roseau_house.jpgWe walked the short distance into town and got a pretty good look around. This is a typical Roseau house that is in fairly good condition. There are fewer of these than those similar to the next picture.

roseau_shack.jpgThis shack is possibly boarded up, and in worse condition that most, but still most of the buildings were closer to this one than the other one.

flea_market.jpgAt one end of the town, there is a flea market, there were lots of booths set up. This one seemed a little atypical in that it had more carved masks than most, but it was all tourist trinkets.

We spent only a couple of hours out and then took a $2 shuttle back to the ship. Before we got on the ship, Sandy decided that she wanted to see more of the outback, so we booked the last couple of spots in the rainforest tour. We got lunch and went back out at noon to board our tour minivan.

The minivan took us up some truly winding and pothole filled roads. There were hairpin turns, steep drop off and no guardrails. Most of the road was wide enough for one vehicle but the driver always seemed to find a way around another vehicle on the narrow road. He said that he had a "PhD" or a pot hole dodger.

tramway.jpgThe tramway itself was a typical cable car type of thing. There was a long line and we were sweating the schedule. I figured that we had to get on by 1430 to get back to the ship on time and we actually go on at 1430.

tram_sign.jpgThis is some of the detail of the tram. There is nothing at the top besides a turn around and a place to get off to walk partially back down to a mid station. We were running late, it was raining and Sandy's ankle wouldn't handle the uneven trail so we didn't get off.

rainforest.jpgThe forest was so close to the tram cars that we truly could not see much of the forest for the trees. The river gorge, which is about 300 ft below the tram opened things up enough to get an overall photo. The tramway operators have to trim the path for the tram cars every couple of weeks. There was lots of foliage that actually intruded into the tram as we passed by.

There was a guide on each tram. Ours was quite knowledgeable about the local flora and fauna. We got to see a lot of it quite close up.

We got off the tram at 1600, a half hour before we were due back on the ship and there was a half hour drive to get back. However, the people in our bus were scattered about and the bus wasn't ready to leave. We actually got back to the ship at 1700, the time that the ship was supposed to sail. However, there were still busses behind us so we didn't pull away from the dock until an hour after the scheduled time.

Wednesday, April 16, 2008, At Sea, about 1600 EDT

apr_16.jpgWe went to the port talk this morning for Devil's Island, our next stop. This "port" is unusual in there there are NO ship's tours. It's a tender port so we have to fit in with 2600 other on 6 boats that carry only 100 each. On the island, made famous by the movie "Papillon", our only option is to walk around and investigate the ruins of the prison which was closed only 56 years ago. Most of the 80,000 or so prisoners were never seen again. They died on Devil's Island of overwork, starvation, yellow fever, poisonous snakes and insects and a host of other tropical issues. Only 30,000 actually returned from Devil's Island.

We've been on this ship for a few days now and during the whole time, I've seen exactly one child, a little girl, perhaps four years old. The passengers on this ship are also among the older crowd. Everyone that we've talked to is retired at least. Many are quite old. Again, we are probably in the youngest 5% of the passenger compliment.

I've had a chance to fully scope out the walking tracks on the ship. I need to walk to burn off at least some of the excess calories that I have been consuming. On deck 16 forward, there is a nice jogging track with a composite rubber surface. It is 1/10 of a mile per lap. The Promenade deck is split between two decks. If one takes a shortcut at the forward elevators, it is very close to 1/4 mile per lap. This is important to us right now as Sandy still has difficulties with stairs although she is getting materially better. The swelling in her ankle is down by quite a bit. The whole loop around the bow stretches a lap to 1/3 of a mile. I wear a pedometer now so that I can see how much I am walking. We have been averaging about 7000 steps a day, with some days over 10,000. I get 2200 steps to the mile. I calibrated the pedometer by many walks near home where I evaluate the distance with the Google Distance Measurement Tool to get the distance.

smooth_sea.jpgToday is another sea day, although the sea is not very "sea-like", it's more "lake-like." This is as rough as it has been up to this point.

The sea has actually been kind to us so far on this trip. This is about the worst we've seen so far, which is actually pretty typical for the vast majority of the cruising days that we have experienced. There have been only a few days with large swell. We had some really high winds (and cold too) in Antarctica but not much swell.

Thursday, April 17, 2008, Devil's Island, about 1400 GFT

apr_17.jpgFrench Guiana is a small French colony on the northeast coast of South America. The capital is Cayenne. The other two notable places are Devil's Island (actually 3 islands) and the Kourou rocket center used by Ariaespace as its major satellite launching facility.

The three islands of are actually called the Salvation Islands. Prior to 1850, part of the population of the mainland found "salvation" on these islands from the harsher conditions on the mainland. Since Devil's Island is not particularly known as a tropical paradise, it is fairly easy to see why the mainland of French Guiana is not heavily populated. The interior is mostly uninhabited, flat jungle. In 1852 the prison was established by the French to deal with their prison overpopulation problem and an shortage of hard laborers in French Guiana.

devil_s_island__3935.jpgHowever, this is as close as we got. The swell and wind were too high to allow a safe tender operation. There were 6 tenders in the water, but the conditions were just too poor to allow us off the ship. The swell was inconsistent, but it was up to six feet with a 40 kt wind and rain.

devil_s_island__tender_recovery_3936.jpgThe tenders were milling about waiting for a chance to be hauled up. This one was moving into the swell. When the tenders came under to hooks to be lifted, they were bouncing around by about 4 feet. The cable operator would lower the latching mechanism and the poor guy on the boat had to wrestle with this thing that probably weighed over 100 lbs and try to get it into the latch and still not fall off the top of a wet and slippery boat. It took two guys each time to manhandle the hook into the latch.

devil_s_island_tender_recovery_3940.jpgThis tender has just been lifted from the water, the last crew member has just ducked into the open hatch. The tender is then hauled up to the deck level and the crew exits the tender. The tender is then hauled up one more deck and them pulled into its berth and tied down.

The Grand Princess, having aborted the Devil's Island stop, is proceeding to our next stop, Fortaleza. We'll have two days at sea to get there.

There are a few more children on this ship, but not many. Last night, we saw a boy, about 10, in the pool. Today I saw a young lady, maybe 12 or so, out on deck. We've also seen a small child in a stroller. Long cruises, like this one, tend to attract those with time on their hands, such as retirees. Families with children don't usually travel away from home for weeks during the school year and many working people don't get enough vacation time to be able to go on a 3 week cruise.

Friday, April 18, 2008, At Sea, 1100 time GFT

apr_18.jpgCounting yesterday as a sea day, because we didn't get off at Devil's Island, we've been at sea for three days and will have one more before we get to Fortaleza Brazil. The sea has become fairly rough and choppy. It's raining and gray.

We went to a talk on the loss of the S.S. Brother Jonathan, a side wheel steamer that struck an uncharted rock and went down in 1865 off Crescent City CA with 200+ people and quite a bit of gold. A small portion of the gold has been recovered but legal hassles with the state of California is halting further recovery.

The rest of today and tomorrow will be just kicking around the ship and relaxing except we might take in some shows or movies. Several are offered.

Saturday, April 19, 2008, At Sea, about 1600 GFT

apr_19.jpgLast night, we crossed the Equator and we will spend a couple of days in the southern hemisphere. The weather is warm and very humid. At noon, the sun is almost directly overhead. It is pretty intense and even a few minutes direct exposure can lead to a sensation of sunburn even before sunburn becomes obvious.

neptune_ceremony_3942.jpgAt 1300 today, the typical ceremony was held at the behest of King Neptune. Slimy pollywogs (those that have not crossed the equator on a ship before) are charged with heinous crimes and punished. Then the pollywogs graduate into Shellbacks and are granted permission to enter Neptune's kingdom forevermore.

neptune_ceremony_0892.jpgA sailor, usually the most senior shellback, is selected to be King Neptune. Along with his queen, the captain welcomes them aboard the ship. The pollywogs are brought out one by one and trumped up charges are read. The verdict is consistently guilty.

neptune_ceremony_3949.jpgThe guilty parties are sentenced to "kiss the fish" and then they are slathered with whipped cream, chocolate, jello and other goopy stuff. Then everybody goes in the pool to wash off. In this ceremony, both passengers and crew members are involved in the ceremony.

After the ceremony, I went for a swim in a freezing cold pool and then spent some time is a hot tub. After that, it was time for a nap. Such is the hard life on the high seas.

Sunday, April 20, 2008, Fortaleza, Brazil, about 2300 GST

apr_20.jpgFortaleza is the capital of the Ceara province of Brazil. It is very near the equator and therefore very tropical. Today was a pretty normal day here, hot and humid. For the last couple of days as we paralleled the northeast coast of South America, the weather report on the ship's TV has been consistently reporting humidity levels of 100%.

fortaleza_3953.jpgThere are about 3.6 million people living here. Many of these buildings are apartments, some are hotels. Spaced in among and behind the tall buildings, there is are many small run down structures as well.

We didn't have a tour booked, but the ship arranged for free shuttle busses to the central district which is just to the right of the end of the row of tall structures, it was quite a distance and would not be practical or safe on foot. They were very nice busses and the trip was equivalent to what one might expect from the less expensive paid tours.

fortaleza_3957.jpgThe one shuttle bus stop was the craft market. This is a bunch of vendor stalls set up in an old prison. Fabrics, lace and woman's clothing seemed to be the most common items. The prices were not at all bad.

fortaleza_cathedral.jpgAbout three blocks away is the main cathedral. This structure took 40 years to build and seats 5,000.

We were warned several times about petty crime. On the way to the cathedral, we saw several police officers watching over the scene. A little further down the road, we ran into some military police. When we passed the last building, it became clear why. It was a regimental army headquarters.

fortaleza_cathedral_inside.jpgWe arrived on Sunday morning and mass was being held. It was all in Portuguese but the building had good acoustics and when the congregation started singing, it sounded quite good, especially because these people could really sing well.

mercado_central.jpgImmediately next to the cathedral was the Mercado Central, or central market. This is a purpose built building. We were told that this was the place to go to buy just about anything. Well over half of the shoppers in the market were locals.

fortaleza_3964.jpgThe place was literally filled with vendor stalls around the outside on four levels with large sweeping walkways wandering through the central part of the building. The amount of stuff for sale almost amounted to a sensual assault. The vendors were not overly pushy and the prices were good, but all we came away with was a handmade refrigerator magnet. There was a set of hand carved and painted masks that Sandy liked but she could not come to an agreement on the price so she passed.

By the time we made it through the market, we were both wilting from the heat and I was soaked in sweat. We made our way back to the old prison and found the shuttle back to the ship. After a shower, some clean clothes, lunch and a healthy dose of air conditioning, I felt much better.

The ship departed for Dakar, Senegal at about 1750, somewhat late. To get to Dakar, we have about 3 days at sea to cross the shortest span across the Atlantic.

bunkering_3965.jpgWhile I was out on deck watching the departure activity, there was an engineering officer there on his break. The ship had bunkered (taken on fuel) here via a pump on a trailer. There was a fuel port on the dock and the fuel was pumped into the ship. Princess buys the very cheapest fuel that they can get. In this form, it can't be burned in the diesel engines because there is too much crud in it. The ship has a complete fuel processing plant that removes the tar and asphalt via mechanical and centrifugal separation. The sludge is stored for delivery ashore or incineration at sea. The remaining fuel is heated to 130°C to be injected into the low speed diesel engines. The officer said that the engines could burn #2 diesel for awhile, but it burns too quickly and generates too much explosive force. The engines are not designed to deal with such a fast burning fuel for long.

In the tropics, it gets dark really fast. When I went outside, it was twilight and I was still able to take some pictures. 10 minutes later, it was nearly completely dark. This is in stark contrast to the Antarctic where sundown and sunrise took hours.

neptune_certificate_george_3968.jpgWith our mail tonight, we received our certificates, again, for our Equator crossing. We got one on the New Zealand cruise as well.

Monday, April 21, 2008, At Sea, at 1222 GST (GMT-2)

apr_21.jpgToday is the first of three days at sea before we get to Dakar. We recross the equator today pretty soon. The navigation display on the TV at 1215 said that we were 0.01 degrees south. We should cross over the equator right about now. The outside weather is clear, 80°F and 100% humidity.

We slept in today and then attended another lecture given by Robert Schirn, a semi-retired deputy DA from Los Angeles county. Today's talk was on the Patty Hearst case. Previous talks have been about the Robert Kennedy assassination, OJ Simpson, the Hillside Stranglers and the Charles Manson case. Robert was an unofficial office historian so he has kept good records of these high profile cases.

This afternoon we will do our laundry as we sweated through most of our remaining clean clothes yesterday in Fortaleza.

Tuesday, April 22, 2008, At Sea, about 1300 AZOST (GMT-1)

apr_22.jpgWe are somewhere in the mid Atlantic on our way to Dakar the day after tomorrow. The sea has a 4 to 8 foot swell and the wind is a gentle breeze. The sky is cloudy, the temperature is 80°F and the humidity is still high at 100%.

The DA's lecture today was about the Ennis Cosby murder, a robbery gone bad where Bill Cosby's son was shot dead while trying to fix a flat tire in the Sepulveda Pass in LA County.

We also attended a port lecture concerning Dakar. They were pretty blunt about the port. It is a bustling and "in-your-face" city of about 3 million with many more in the surrounding area. We have a ship's tour to a local landmark, the Pink Lake of Retba, a brine lake that is actually colored pink. We took the tour because it gets us out of the city into the country side.

Dakar was the primary shipment point for slaves from Africa to all over the new world. Most of the slaves were captured by rival tribes and sold to the slave traders who packed them tightly on slave ships and shipped them for a profit. The slave trader's fort was on an island nearby, other tours go there.

Wednesday, April 23, 2008, At Sea, about 1230 GMT

apr_23.jpgWe've been turning the clocks ahead an hour a day for several days now, somewhat like jet lag in the slow lane. We have finally caught up with GMT. The weather has been pretty consistent, it is still 80°F and 100% humidity, although last night we saw a report from the bridge where the humidity had dropped to 97%.

One of this morning's talks was by a former U-2 pilot about the U-2, it's descendants, and the operational issues of U-2 flights. From past reading, I was already familiar with most of the information that he provided, but it was interesting nonetheless. The other talk was by Robert Schirn again, this time about the Phil Spector case. The first trial ended in a hung jury (10-2 to convict). The second trial is pending, but from the presentation, it is pretty clear where this prosecutor's's sentiments are. I should thank him for the information as I live in LA county and I could be called for the jury pool.

Thursday, April 24, 2008, Dakar, about 1700 GMT

apr_24.jpgToday, we stopped at Dakar, Senegal. Senegal is a former French colony that gained independence in about 1958. It is one of the more prosperous western African countries, but it is still very poor. Dakar is at the westernmost tip of Africa and it has a good harbor, therefore it has advantages as a seaport.

dakar.jpgFrom a distance, Dakar looks like a fairly modern city. However, closer up it fits the description that the port lecturer provided. It is a raw, dirty, bustling and in-your-face place.

Our tour was to the Pink Lake of Retba, a brine lake somewhat north of Dakar, near the Atlantic coastline. We picked this tour because it took us out of town so that we could at least get a look at the countryside. We were loaded on a tour bus and headed out of town. I kept hearing sirens all the time and only later did I figure out why.

dakar_police_escort.jpgWe had a police escort of two motorcycle officers, riding BMWs, who were running interference for us, Code 3 (lights and siren). This was to allow the busses to get out of town and back in without getting stuck in traffic. This turned out to be a good deal because we actually made it back 10 minutes after the ship was scheduled to sail. More on the trip back later.

dakar_market.jpgTrying to catch the flavor of a city from a tour bus is a dicey proposition but we saw a lot. Much it was not very attractive. This local market was an example of some of the best. It was clean and organized, if not a little small.

dakar_street_vendor.jpgThere were street vendors everywhere. Most were selling to the locals, but everything from streetlamp posts, steel plates, suitcases, and food was available from the side of the road.

dakar_dead_car_parts.jpgDakar seems to be a place where old cars go to die. There were literally thousands of obviously dead vehicles of all kinds littered the roadsides, otherwise empty lots and businesses. Some had been dissected and their parts were stacked up as in this photo. Others were merely hulks, usually missing a motor or other rather significant part.

dakar_trash.jpgSome of Dakar looks like this. There is trash EVERYWHERE. It would seem that littering is a national pastime. There were also what appeared to be open sewers in many locations, the smell sort of gave them away besides their positively evil appearance.

dakar_horse_cart.jpgThere are many regular trucks and heavy vehicles on the roads, but there are also lots of these. It would seem that horses, donkeys and mules are still an important transportation resource.

dakar_bus.jpgPublic transportation is heavily dependent on busses like this one. Some were larger, some smaller, but there were lots of them. There was also an operating railroad paralleling much of our route inland from Dakar.

dakar_4x4.jpgWhen we got to our destination, another form of transportation awaited us, these 4x4 trucks. There were maybe a dozen of them waiting for our group. This was the truck that we rode. I was wondering where they were taking us that would require such a vehicle, we found out soon enough.

dakar_harvesting_salt.jpgThe first part of the trip was around the Pink Lake of Retba. It wasn't anything like pink in color today. Apparently the color only comes out under certain weather conditions. The lake is a brine lake with about 6 times the salt concentration as the oceans. The locals scrape up crystallized salt from the bottom and load it into small boats. There is so much salt that it cannot stay in suspension in the water so it collects on the bottom of the lake.

dakar_harvested_salt.jpgThe salt is then hauled ashore and piled up, bagged and shipped out. The piles of salt apparently belonged to individuals because most were tagged with a sign. The salt was packed into either 18 or 50 kilogram bags, and loaded onto trucks to be hauled away. This has got to be hard work for little return as salt is not a particularly scarce commodity.

dakar_farm.jpgAfter traveling around the east side of the lake (going northward), the trucks entered an area that was being farmed in obviously poor soil. There were large pits dug into the rocky ground that were wells, one can be seen in the background. Each had a foot trail leading out of it so that the farmers could carry water by the bucket to water their little plots. This one was one of the nicest of the bunch, the rest were considerably more meager.

dakar_semi_nomadic_village.jpgThen we passed through some dunes and the driver leaned out of the cab and yelled "papa" and pointed to some huts nearby. This was apparently his father's home. Then we drove through more sand into a "semi-nomadic" village. There was a group of drummers and dancers there providing some entertainment.

dakar_hut.jpgThere were two primary kinds of structures in this village, straw huts and concrete block building ruins. The huts were in use. The block buildings were mostly just walls. Many had clearly been roughly constructed but never finished. All were abandoned. The block building in this photo was one of the best, most were in much worse shape.

dakar_village_kitchen.jpgThis lean-to was in current use as a kitchen. There was a cooking fire going, hence all the smoke. Outside, various pots and buckets were scattered about.

dakar_vendor.jpgEverywhere we stopped, there were vendors selling trinkets. They were REALLY pushy and as the trucks or busses were getting ready to leave, they got pushier but also tended to accept deals that they had previous refused outright.

dakar_dunes.jpgAt the village, all of the drivers were letting air out of their tires. This gave me a clue as to what was to come. The truck convoy headed out into some pretty serious sand dunes and bounced around for awhile. Over the last dune, we came to pounding surf, the shoreline of the Atlantic Ocean. We stopped on the beach for awhile, then proceeded south along the shore. Then the convoy abruptly turned inland over some more dunes and descended to the "resort" where we started out. There were more vendors there, even more pushy than before.

The resort gave us some sodas for refreshment and we loaded back onto the tour busses. All was well until we entered the traffic of Dakar again. The police escort then became frustrated with the situation and herded the bus convoy to the WRONG side of the highway and forced a path for us. When we finally became stuck, they led us down some truly narrow back streets and back out onto the highway, in the wrong direction again. The bus drivers bounced the busses over curbs, medians and across the centers of traffic circles instead of trying to go around. This kind of driving would have landed the bus drivers in jail in the US.

We got back to the ship about 10 minutes after it was scheduled to sail, but the ship won't leave if a ship scheduled tour hasn't returned. Passengers that have made their own arrangements and are late getting back aren't given such consideration. The ship leaves without them.

dakar_goree_island.jpgAs the ship left port, we passed by one of the more famous landmarks of Dakar. This is Goree Island, the former slave trade prison/port. Millions of African were sold into slavery here and shipped to the Americas. Other tours were there today.

Friday, April 25, 2008, At Sea, about 1115 GMT

apr_25.jpgWe have another of two sea days between Dakar and Morocco. The weather has become noticeably cooler, it down to 62°F but the humidity is still 100%. The sky is very cloudy and we have a more pronounced swell that we have experienced yet on this trip. We noticed the cooling as we approached the coast of Africa. It was forecast to be 95°F in Dakar, but I doubt that the temperature even exceeded 80°F.

We had a bit of minor excitement last night, but not the good kind. We were in the cabin and I was trying to stream video from the tape that I filled in Dakar. I was having troubles with data dropouts and corrupted video clips. Then I heard a pop and then a buzz that sounded like an AC power problem. Nothing appeared to die immediately but the video streaming failed and iMovie hung and then quit. Then I smelled something electronic burning. I shut everything down and then located the problem. The wall wart (power supply) for the powered USB hub that I use to power two external USB disks had simply failed and burned up internally. The video streaming failed because with the loss of power to the hub, the computer could not supply enough USB power to the disks to keep them running and they dropped off line. I don't have a replacement for that wall wart here so I have had to change operating modes. Sandy has a two-headed USB cable that fits these drives. It derives power from two USB ports on the computer to come up with enough total power to drive a disk. However, it consumes all the USB ports on the computer so that I can run only one drive at a time or a mouse. Sandy and I are sharing the cable so that each of us can let Time Machine (automatic backup software for the Macintosh) a couple of times a day or I can run the other external drive to store streamed video.

Everything else seems to have survived the abrupt failure of this wall wart and we have workarounds so that no serious damage has been done. I'll see about getting the thing replaced when we get home.

Saturday, April 26, 2008, At Sea, about 1100 CET (GMT+1)

apr_26.jpgThis is the last of the multiple sea days on this cruise. There are only two more single sea days left. After we enter the Mediterranean Sea, ports are close enough together to allow a stop nearly every day.

Even though Casablanca is on GMT, we are one hour ahead of GMT. We have been instructed to use ship's time, not local time. There will be one more time change to get us onto the time zone that most of the western Mediterranean uses. Further we are scheduled to enter Casablanca one hour later than originally scheduled and our speed has been 22+ knots for quite a while. Since the ship is rated for 21.5 knots, the captain pretty obviously has the pedal to the metal to try to make up some time. We are not sure of the reasons for all of this.

Tomorrow, after we dock at Casablanca we are supposed to ride the Marrakech Express to Marrakech. It'll take all day so we won't actually see much of Casablanca. Then it is a short sail overnight to Gibraltar where we have a tour of the WWII caves scheduled.

The weather has become much cooler and drier, about 70°F and 40% humidity, much more like southern California. I expect the temperature in the Med to warm up a little but we'll see.

In honor of our stop at Casablanca tomorrow, the ship is showing the movie "Casablanca" in the theater this afternoon. The folks that will tour Casablanca have been warned that there is no "Rick's Cafe Americain" (aka Rick's place) there so don't bother looking for it.

Sunday, April 27, 2008, Casablanca, about 2245 CET (GMT+1)

apr_27.jpgIt's very late and we have an early day tomorrow so I don't have time now to go through the photos and write some narrative. That'll probably happen late tomorrow night after our visit to Gibraltar or the next day while we're at sea.

Monday, April 28, 2008, Gibraltar, about 1530 CEST (GMT+2)

apr_28.jpgWe've made it to Gibraltar and done our tour, but that story will have to wait until I get caught up on Morocco.

We had a tour scheduled to Marrakech, a city inland from Casablanca. This was a tour that Sandy particularly wanted because she thought it would be by train. However, the train turned out to be a tour bus, and one with a broken air conditioner at that.

casablanca_mosque.jpgKing Hussein II built this huge mosque right on the shoreline of Casablanca. This was as close as we got to the mosque as we saw it from the ship as it pulled in to port.

The tour got off to a late start, primarily due to the massive numbers of people trying to get off the ship all at once and the congestion of tour busses on the dock. It was cool then and we didn't realize that the A/C on the bus was not functioning, but I did notice that two sliding windows at the center of the bus were open. I thought that that was a little odd but it didn't click then.

Casablanca is the largest and busiest city in Morocco. We didn't get to see much of it but what did see indicated prosperity on a whole different level from Dakar.

moroccan_speed_trap.jpgAs we traveled on the bus out of Casablanca, we saw lots of police including this speed trap. The city itself was clean and organized and the roads were generally quite good. We soon got onto a tollway that lead us to Marrakech, a three plus hour drive each way.

moroccan_countryside.jpgMuch of the Moroccan countryside outside of Casablanca is coastal plains that are planted mostly in grains. The countryside was like this for nearly 100 miles.

There were occasionally small herds of cattle and goats, but the cash livestock is sheep. Moroccans eat lots of lamb and wool production figures heavily into the economy, however not nearly as much as New Zealand.

The population of Morocco is a mix of several cultures. Jews have been here for thousands of years. The Berbers are of mixed European ancestry. African natives are here as well as the dominant Arabs. Islam is the primary religion of the country, although it is a liberal form that tolerates other cultures well.

berber_village.jpgAbout halfway to Marrakech, we entered Berber lands. The Berbers are a tribe that has inhabited this area for a very long time. They build their houses, usually single story, around a central walled courtyard. The Berber lands are usually pasture land, and not very good land at that as they were pushed out of the better lands by the Arabs that arrived in the 700's and conquered the whole of north Africa.

marrakech_landmark.jpgAs we rolled into Marrakech, we realized that we just couldn't get away from all American influences.

The color of all of the buildings is regulated to be this natural earth color. Further, the height of the buildings cannot exceed that of the tower of the central mosque which is 69 meters.

marrakech_lunch.jpgWe were late getting into Marrakech so after driving around a bit, we were taken to this restaurant in the Jewish section of town although it served traditional Moroccan fare. Jews have lived here for a couple of thousand years and are accepted by the more liberal flavor of Islam practiced here.

lunch_at_marrakech_1211.jpgThis was our appetizer. It is a variety of marinated vegetables. The main course was a well prepared chicken dish, then a course of vegetables was served over couscous. There was one part that I thought was particularly good but nobody else seemed to like it. I thought that it may have been a mild green pepper, but somebody else said that it was cactus. There were extensive stands of prickly-pear cactus growing along the roads in the area of Marrakech. The Berbers were apparently using it as fencing.

marrakech_rugs.jpgThen the tour started to go south. We were supposed to be allowed some free shopping time in the bazaar but instead, we were lead through a maze of twisting back alleys to a rug dealer's shop where we were given a pitch for some very highly priced woolen rugs. For only $3000, we could have had one shipped to our door.

They then took us through another maze to a shop that sold perfumes and other scents. The odor was so strong I could not even go in the place. Then they walked us quickly through another maze of shops that we would have liked to go through to a shop that sold highly priced, but nice looking, Moroccan artifacts.

marrakech_market_stall.jpgAfter most of the people on the tour bitched loudly, they gave us 15 minutes in the main bazaar, but we were so tired and hot at that point that we didn't feel like shopping. Further, several people in the group didn't show up at the meeting spot at the appointed time. Eventually, they did arrive but the tour was running seriously late.

bahia_palace.jpgThe tour included a visit to the Bahia Palace, a residence of some of the kings and prime ministers. The whole place was finely decorated with tile patterns, plaster carvings and painted cedar ceilings. This is a courtyard where celebrations were held after successful negotiations with visiting heads of state and tribal leaders.

The tour was running progressively later and later through the day, and it was getting hotter and hotter. The bus was a furnace unless it was going fast enough to circulate some air through those two little windows. It was pretty uncomfortable. By the time that we eventually left Marrakech, it was pretty clear that we weren't going to get back even close to on time. The ship was due to sail at 2030 and the tour was originally scheduled to return at that time, all six busses worth, so there was no margin in the schedule. We didn't know the status of the other busses when we left Marrakech, but we did see one on the way back. They were leaving a rest stop when we pulled in.

marrakech_express.jpgOn the way back, nearing sunset, we drove by a train station with a train waiting. This is a close as we got to the Marrakesh Express.

We saw some pretty extensive rail lines on this bus trip. The Moroccan railways are modern. The sections that we saw were completely electrified, used concrete ties and welded rail. Since this was a French colony for awhile, it is not surprising to see a French locomotive at the head of this train.

We passed through a fairly large town just after sunset and things had cooled off considerably. The town was packed with people out and about, doing their business. The guide explained that this was the time that the locals got down to business as it was often too hot earlier in the day to be out.

We got stuck in traffic on the way back and by the time that we got back to the ship, we were fully an hour and a half late. All the other busses were in, we were the last one. This is the third tour that we had taken on this cruise where the ship had to wait for our tour to return. The ship was fully ready to leave. As soon as we were on board, the gangway was pulled in, the ship was buttoned up and then it departed in the span of less than 5 minutes.

Leaving Casablanca late also made us late getting into Gibraltar by about an hour. We got up early to go outside and see what the Strait of Gibraltar looked like at sunrise. It was misty but we could see land on both sides. It was also cold and windy so we didn't stay outside very long. We got breakfast and waited for our tour in Gibraltar of the WWII fortifications.

Gibraltar is an independently governed part of the British Empire. Their governor is appointed by the British Crown and defense and foreign policy is handled by Britain, but all local matters are handled locally. This key chunk of rock guards the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea and has been fought over many times. It was occupied by the Moors, the Spanish and eventually the British. Both the French (Napoleon) and the Nazis attempted to invade. Napoleon put the rock under siege for nearly 4 years but the rock held. The Germans had plans to invade for years and came up with detailed plans to do it, which probably would not have worked before giving up due to the resource demands of the Russian front made an invasion impractical. The British presence on the rock probably eventually thwarted the Nazi plans for domination of the Mediterranean. The rock was a key jumping off point for Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa.

gibraltar_4170.jpgThe tour bus first took us to the very southern tip of Gibraltar. This is a view looking north from near the lighthouse at the southern tip back at the highest part of the rock.

That is indeed a mosque in the foreground. It was built in 1997 for the benefit of the Moroccans that live and work on Gibraltar. Funding was provided by King Faad of Saudi Arabia. It is a odd place for a mosque, nobody lives near it and it is not easy to get to, but land is scarce here so things get built in some odd spots.

gibraltar_tour_1357.jpgWe drove up twisty and narrow roads to a spot on the west face of the rock overlooking the city of Gibraltar. This view is pretty much the whole town. This is also the spot where some of the Barbary Apes live.

There were no full sized tour busses that we saw on Gibraltar. I can understand why because the small bus in which we rode (22 passengers) could barely make some of the turns and tunnels. Anything bigger could not be driven here at all.

gibraltar_macaques_4183.jpgThese Macaques, the Barbary Apes, live all over the rock. Nobody is really sure how they got here, but they are now a fixture. They are quite bold and will climb on visitors that they thing might have some food. It is illegal to feed them though. We were advised not to touch them ourselves as they do bite. However the apes didn't seem to mind touching the people. The population of apes is thought to be about 250 individuals which is deemed to be too many. There is some considerable controversy about an upcoming cull of the ape population.

gibraltar_cave_map.jpgThe tunnels that we came to see were mostly dug during WWII as defensive measures for the "rock" however some were dug in the 18th century for the same purpose. There are about 30 miles of tunnels in the rock. There aren't 30 miles of roads. We toured less than 1% of the complex much of which is still in use by the military.

gibraltar_tunnels_4192.jpgThe tunnels were drilled and blasted out of the limestone of the rock. The floor of the tunnels is paved in concrete, the passages are often wide and tall enough for motor vehicles. In places were there the rock tends to be loose, the walls and ceiling are protected with cyclone fence bolted to the rock face. Most of the cave is wet and dripping as limestone caves tend to be.

It was a complete city inside with all the services needed to support up to 17,000 military inhabitants. The civilian population was evacuated and settled all over the British world for the duration of the war.

gibraltar_tour__caves_1393.jpgThe debris that was taken out of the tunnels as they were dug was dragged just north of the rock and used to make an runway on reclaimed land. This view is from a tunnel opening called "Jock's Balcony" on the sheer north face of the rock. This runway is unique in that it has a road crossing the runway at grade, the only such crossing in the world. Where land is scarce, one has to make do. The runway is twice as long as the peninsula is wide so that without some additional tunneling or this grade crossing, the runway would divide the peninsula. The airport is right up against the Spanish fence. All the buildings beyond the airport are on Spanish soil. At the lower part of the photo is a cemetery which is also getting a bit crowded.

After the tour, we shopped around a bit for the camera that Sandy wanted. We found one, but at almost twice the price we wanted so we returned to the ship after a little more shopping.

Tuesday, April 29, 2008, At Sea, about 1215 CEST (GMT+2)

apr_29.jpgThe navigator posted a new navigational chart yesterday. The old one was auctioned off last night. We are currently between the island of Mallorca and the coast of Spain.

The satellite internet connection was down the whole time that we were in Gibraltar, I thought that it might have been due to blockage by the rock but that apparently wasn't the case as it didn't come back up until this morning. It is more likely that the satellite antenna patterns don't cover the Strait of Gibraltar very well as when the internet did come up, it was really slow as it had been when we left Morocco. I didn't try to upload the page updates for Morocco or Gibraltar until the coverage got better. We may have actually switched satellites with the coverage area at the Strait not being very good for either of them.

We booked a tour out of Cannes for tomorrow morning, it'll take 3 to 4 hours round trip to drive into the mountains to a medieval fortress. We'll be back to Monaco on the next leg of the cruise so we'll have an opportunity to tour the French Riviera then. After we get back from the tour sometime around noon, we'll have an opportunity to walk around downtown Cannes.

The 2nd leg of the cruise will be a busy one, we have only one more sea day. I've come to enjoy the days at sea, they are very relaxing.

We got a letter last night that explained the procedure for the switchover to the next cruise. We will retain the same cabin and only have to get a new cruise card (combination room key, charge card and boarding pass). We will be taking a tour of Rome that day so that we will be off the ship most of the day. We've been told by an Italian crew member than Civitavecchia is a pit, there is no point in actually going there except to actually disembark or embark the ship.

Wednesday, April 30, 2008, Cannes, France, about 1500 CEST (GMT+2)

apr_30.jpgToday, the port of call was Cannes on the French Riviera. We had a tour booked but we didn't take it due to a small problem.

cannes_1416.jpgThis is as close as we got to Cannes. We didn't go ashore because I contracted a case of Montezuma's Revenge yesterday afternoon. I was laid low for about 24 hours. We just got back from lunch, the first real food, besides a single apple, that I had been able to eat since yesterday. I am sufficiently improved such that we probably will be able to make our tour tomorrow afternoon to Pisa in Italy.

Thursday, May 1, 2008, Livorno, Italy, about 1900 CEST (GMT+2)

may_1.jpgWe pulled into Livorno this morning. I went to see the ship's doctor this morning, and predictably, he quarantined me to my room for 24 hours. This blows our shore excursion to Pisa today, but at least, we can get a refund. A couple of crew members are here in the room now sanitizing it. However, my condition has materially improved and by tomorrow I should be fully recovered.

Tomorrow is the end of the first segment of our cruise. Most of the passengers are getting off and a new crop will come on. However, we will remain. We cancelled our tour of Rome and got a refund because that one hadn't passed its cutoff time for a refund. With the Doctor's stamp, we can get a refund on the other two that we paid for as well.

Sandy reports that the weather was fabulous in Livorno but I didn't even see the sun because I'm stuck in the room until tomorrow about noon.

Livorno is a gateway port to Pisa and Florence, there is not much else to do here. Since we'll be back in Livorno in about three days, we'll rebook the same tour that we'd planned to take today.

Due to my "condition" our regular room steward is not allowed to service our room. They sent in the Hazmat team instead.

Friday, May 2, 2008, Civitavecchia, Italy, about 1730 CEST (GMT+2)

may_2a.jpgCivitavecchia is the port of entry for Rome which is a €200 cab ride away. Taxis aren't cheap here.

I didn't see the light of day until after 1300. We were supposed to get a call about noon for a formal release, but the call never came. Sandy went down to the Purser's desk to inquire and they issued a release so I'm out.

monster_machine.jpgAfter I was sprung, I went immediately outside to soak up some sun and air and to look around, even it was just a cargo port. Near the ship were two of these huge machines. I never did figure out exactly what they were, but since we were in a port and the machines seemed to have some sort of conveyer mechanism at what appeared to be the business end, they must be loader/unloader machines for bulk cargo such as grain. However, they were sitting on short track sections where they couldn't get near a ship. I eventually concluded that they were in storage on the dock and would be eventually moved to a new section of dock adjacent to where they were stored.

Our access to our email and web site hadn't worked for more than a day but the rest of the web did. I therefore couldn't upload any updates or get my email. Since today is a turnaround day (one cruise ending, another beginning), I figured that they might have switched over to the new cruise by now, but when I logged in, it accepted my old password. My domain at was working again, at least the email part was. Sandy had burned off all but one minute of our time last night and apparently, I used the other minute before it logged me off.

After most passengers were on board, the internet service came back on again after being entirely non-functional for the whole afternoon. This time, we got a promotion to the "platinum" level of our status in the "Princess Captain's Circle" so that we get an internet credit of $100, which is only 280 minutes worth. However, for 11 actual days, this gives us about 25 minutes per day. We survived on 15 minutes per day on the first part of the cruise.

I've added better overall cruise maps to the upper part of this page as we'll be winding all around the Mediterranean, often retracing a previous course.

day, May xx, 2008, place, about time CEST (GMT+2)

may_3.jpgThis cruise took us back to the French Riviera but this time to Monaco instead of Cannes. As far as I can tell, Monaco and Monte Carlo are essentially the same thing. Monaco is the country, Monte Carlo is the city that occupies the whole country.

We went on a bus tour right out of Monte Carlo and back into France to visit the medieval village of St. Paul de Vence and a perfume factory. The perfume factory was, as expected, a sales stop for Fragonard perfume. The factory itself was over 100 years old and more of a museum than a working factory although they could produce perfume there still.

However, the tour took over hither and yon and we got a good look around.

monte_carlo.jpgA good piece of Monte Carlo can be seen in this photo. The castle and old town are on the hill to the right. To the left of the harbor is the rest of the town including the famous casino. The whole place is about the size of Hermosa Beach, CA, about a mile wide and half a mile deep. There doesn't seem to be a square inch of unused land and much of it has been tunneled under as well.

At the end of the month, the place is going to get crazy because of the Formula 1 race to be held there. They were setting up for it and the bus drove on part of the race course.

The "frontier" between Monaco and France turned out to be a stop sign and a speed bump. If you didn't know it was there, you would miss it.

gas_price.jpgWe saw no large cars anywhere, many were really small and there were lots of motor scooters. This is the reason. The price may look good until you find that it by liter AND the price is in Euro. Figured in $US at today's exchange rate, the French are paying about $9/gal.

Housing is also pretty expensive. Figure on paying €3M for a reasonable house, more in Monaco itself.

shutters.jpgOur tour wandered along the coast through Nice. This is a pretty town with wider streets than Monte Carlo. Most of them were equipped with shutters like these, this building was pretty typical. Air conditioning is not common here, the shutters tend to let in the breeze but block the southern sun and we were told that they are pretty effective.

st_paul_de_vence.jpgSt. Paul de Vence is a walled village built on a hilltop a few miles inland. During the 1300's, the coast was not inhabited because of recurring pirate raids. The raiders rarely came inland far enough to reach these hilltop towns and the fortified ones were just too much bother to deal with.

side_street.jpgThe town is built almost entirely from limestone, the streets are cobbled and are wide enough to ride a horse. This is a side street away from the action. Except for the utilities tacked on the outsides of the buildings, it probably doesn't look a lot different that it did 600 years ago.

main_street.jpgThe town is roughly oval shaped and the main street runs pretty much down the long axis of the oval. There are shops all along it selling art of all kinds, trinkets, a little food and clothing. There were many hundreds of tourists in the town, from two cruise ships and obviously from all over Europe. It got pretty crowded.

street_sign.jpgThey even made their street signs from stone.

Utilities for buildings not designed for them are usually tacked on the outside. Most older structures, which is most of them, have water, sewer, electric, phone, CATV or any other service run into the building from the outside. At least they are easy to work on and they are so common that they become part of the background.

low_frontage_hotel.jpgIn older times, the various kings that ruled over this area imposed a variety of taxes. There were takes on windows and doors, but the most significant tax was just on a property's frontage. This used to be a house with just about the smallest frontage that could be arranged. It is now a hotel, it expands quite a bit back from the facade.

The fountain in the foreground is potable water that runs continuously. Our tour guide, who did an excellent job, is in the lower left. Her "wand" is a sign that she can hold up so that her group can see her from a distance.

Sunday, May 4, 2008, Livorno, Italy, about 1800 CEST (GMT+2)

may_4.jpgToday was our second stop at Livorno. Due to my condition the last time, I didn't even see the port. Sandy reports that it was also raining during part of the day. Today, however, the sky is clear and the temperature is in the mid 70's, a perfect day for a tour.

The ship is just leaving Livorno now, bound for Naples. An urgent call just went out for three couples that maybe didn't get back on the ship. They could be catching the overnight train to Naples.

tuscan_countryside.jpgWe got on a typical tour bus for a half hour ride north from Livorno to Pisa to see the famous leaning tower. Pisa is also a well preserved medieval town and the tour was supposed to encompass both. From the bus window, I caught this shot looking north toward the Alps. This is a pretty typical view of the countryside of this region of Italy, Tuscany, home to the ancient Etruscans who lived here before being overtaken by the Romans.

trolly.jpgOur tour was billed as the "EZ" tour, which means little walking. The bus transferred us to this tram which is really a Toyota. The suspension was stiff and we were in the 2nd car so we caught the coupler snatch of the whole rig. The ride was less than perfect.

la_piazza_del_duomo_1620.jpgThe leaning tower was supposed to be a bell tower in La Piazza del Duomo, or the plaza of the cathedral. It is also known as the field of miracles, although that is just a marketing slogan. The cathedral is settling too, it just has a much bigger foundation so that it's weight is spread better over the sand that the whole place is built on. It is clear from looking at the nearest end of the cathedral that it isn't completely square either.

We were not allowed to take photographs inside, but it was very impressive, as nice as many of the other very large cathedrals that we have visited.

pisa_banana.jpgThe tower started to lean even as it was being built. Some interim architect elected to try to "correct" the problem by making some of the upper levels thinner on the high side to try to bend the top of the tower back. Now the thing has a permanent bend in it.

In years past, there were several attempts to straighten the tower or even just to arrest the increasing lean. Several attempts to reinforce or pump up the low side did not work very well. A restoration project ended in 2001 which simply pumped out silt from the high side of the tower to allow it to lean back by redistributing the silt under it's foundation by itself, but at an overall lower elevation than it had. This worked. The tower did lean back and stabilized.

la_piazza_del_duomo_1612.jpgThe other major part of La Piazza del Duomo is the baptismal. The entire function of this structure is baptisms.

la_piazza_del_duomo_1624.jpgLa Piazza del Duomo is partially surrounded by the original medieval town walls built in the 1200's. This is called the "new" gate because it was punched through the wall in the 1500's.

old_bridge.jpgWe did go on a tour through the town. This is the last remaining medieval bridge across the Arno river. It still supports vehicle traffic so it must have been built pretty well.

Monday, May 5, 2008, Naples, Italy, about 0930 CEST (GMT+2)

may_5.jpgWe pulled into Naples, Italy, at about 0800 after the all night run from Livorno. Naples (Napoli to the locals) is the commercial center and main port for most of southern Italy. There are about 1 million people living in the city proper and another 2 or 3 million in the immediately surrounding area.

The weather today is predicted to be clear, sunny and about 71°F, pretty good weather for our tour this afternoon.

We were pretty sternly warned about "petty" crime in this area so we are staying on the ship until our organized tour starts after lunch.

naples.jpgNaples, like many cities in Italy, is an old town. It was initially settled by the Greeks so something has been here for maybe 3000 years. It got heavily bombed in WWII but the damage has been repaired. This makes for a mix between very old and fairly new structures. This castle on the hill obviously substantially survived the bombing.

naples_domes.jpgThere are five domes in this photo, each probably associated with a church. I counted 27 domes that are within about a half mile of the ship. These include only the ones that I could see, there are probably many more.

naples_greek_dome.jpgThis one stood out like a sore thumb. When I first saw it, it said Russian all over it, then I realized that the Russian style is actually derived from Greek Orthodox which is what this probably is.

naples_vesuvius.jpgThis is where we are going this afternoon. We have been to Pompeii, so this time we are going to the other village that was destroyed by Vesuvius in 79 AD, Herculaneum. Pompeii is on the far right flank of the volcano. It was primarily covered in deep volcanic ash. Pompeii was destroyed first, but over a period of hours of ashfall. Herculaneum is located nearer to Naples. It survived the initial ashfall but succumbed quickly to a pyroclastic flow that swept over the whole town in just seconds killing everybody pretty much instantly.

The tour doesn't leave until about 1430. In the meantime we are taking it easy. This leg of the cruise is pretty hectic with stops nearly every day. We have some kind of tour at most of them.

Update, Monday, May 5, 2008, Naples, Italy, about 1930 CEST (GMT+2)

cameo.jpgThe first stop on the tour was pretty predictable. We stopped at a cameo "factory." In fact, there was one old guy whacking away at some shell fragments and a large showroom of cameos. Many of these tours seem to waste some our time be taking us through places like these.

herculaneum.jpgThis is what we came to see. Herculaneum is both the ancient town with the modern town built around it. From the look at some of the modern buildings in the background, they don't look a lot different from the ruins. The photo was taken from the current ground level.

The ancient town had the sea lapping at it's wall. However, it got buried by 21 meters of tufa and the whole area sank by 15 meters during the eruption. This left the ancient town below sea level but deeply buried. The area around the excavation requires continuous pumping to keep it clear of seawater seepage. Discovery and excavation started in the 1770's before there was much of the newer town.

vesuvius.jpgThis is the puppy that did Herculaneum in, Vesuvius. It erupted again in the 1600's and killed a bunch of people but it has been quiet since. However, it is not dormant. The mountain produces explosive eruptions and there is still plenty of pressure underground. It could blow in a big way again. Without some kind of warning, many more people could die in a new eruption.

empty_street.jpgThe place was full of people and getting photos without tourists in them was not easy. However, we managed. The streets are made of large cobblestones wide enough for a chariot or wagon. The curbs are generally high. Unlike Pompeii, Herculaneum had real sewers under the streets so that there are no stepping stones in the street like in Pompeii. The town is laid out so that shops are on east west streets and the entrances to homes are on north south streets.

columns.jpgThere is only one place in the town with columns. This is the "center" of the city which is actually at the edge of the excavation. The unexcavated area is underneath the parking lot and visitor center for the site.

mosaic.jpgThere are lots of frescos (scenes painted on wet plaster) left in Herculaneum, but there was one house in particular that had a stunning mosaic of colored tiles set into the wall. The typical house was plain on the outside, but entered into a central room with small rooms off to the side. This was in one of the side rooms.

Our ride both out and back was kind of like Mr. Toads Wild Ride. Napoli drivers are uniformly crazy. There are STOP signs all over, nobody pays the slightest attention to them. Most of the signals were not functioning so that those intersections were not controlled any better than those with stop signs. Drivers in the smallest cars have no trouble playing chicken with a tour bus, but at one point we came down a street that was supposed to be two lanes with parking on only one side. Cars were parked on both sides and we came head up against a trash truck. It's driver was clearly unimpressed by the bus and we had to back up, but there were cars behind us. It was a mess. We eventually go through that one and some other similar situations. I would NOT recommend renting a car in Naples.

Tuesday, May 6, 2008, At Sea, about 1100 (GMT+3)

may_6.jpgAbout 0500, we passed through the Messina Strait. This is the 1.7 mile wide passage between the tip of the Italian boot and Sicily. We weren't there to see it, both Sandy and I were fully passed out. We didn't even wake up until about an hour ago.

Tomorrow, we'll be at one of the Greek isles, Santorini. This is an active volcano that was probably the cause for the demise of the Minoan civilization. We are going on a hike to the volcano rim.

Wednesday, May 7, 2008, Santorini, Greece, about 1500 GMT+3

may_7.jpgSantorini is one of about a thousand Greek Isles. This one in particular, has some serious history behind it. It blew up. In the process, it pretty much did in the Minoan civilization on Crete, about 60 miles away, and it's impact was felt over the entire region. Our hike today was just about to ground zero.

The island used to be a nearly circular volcanic island. After the volcano blew, in about 1600 BC or so, the island virtually collapsed into itself leaving an incomplete ring and a volcanic core in the middle. Later, another volcanic island grew in the middle, this is the active one that we visited.

santorini_boat.jpgThis is a tender port, but instead of using the ship's tenders, the tour provided it's own. We were picked up from the Grand Princess in this boat, the Captain Jannis. We were taken out to Nea Kameni island (New Burnt Island). The hike was about a half hour up, rising only 500 feet above sea level to the very top.

santorini.jpgPartway up the trail, we got a good view of the island of Santorini and part of the main town of Fira in the background past our ship. Access to Fira is limited. There is a trail, seen as switchbacks in the photo of 600+ steps that rises 900 feet to the level of the town. One can either walk it or ride a donkey for €4. However, the hot setup is the cable car which makes the trip in 2 minutes, also for €4 one way.

crater.jpgThere are six craters on this island, this is one of them, an inactive one.

fumaroles.jpgNear the top of the mountain, is the active crater. The activity is just some fumaroles spilling steam and sulphur. The last actual eruption from this crater was during 1940 and it threw some ash and rocks around. However, the pressure is still there and this thing could heat up again.

We finished the hike and took a boat ride back to the ship for lunch. We then got on one of the port supplied tenders to a dock at the base of the trail. There is another dock down the coast a ways where there is road access so that tour busses can pick up passengers as well. The guide told us that on some Thursdays, there can be as many as 10 cruise ships in port at once. The island is set up to handle this many people. There are only 13,000 permanent residents, there can be twice as many tourists on a busy day.

santorini_close_up.jpgAfter checking out the shops at the base of the cable car, we got on to ride to the top, this is the view of part of the town from near the cable car station. Many of the buildings are whitewashed to better reflect the summer sun. Many of the structures are also built into the hillside. The pumice stone that the whole island is built from is fairly easy to carve into, is stable and helps control the summer heat and winter cold.

santorini_street.jpgThe pedestrian streets are narrow and wind around a little. These streets are lined with shops selling just about anything that a tourist would buy. There are also a wide variety of bars and restaurants. Back from the front of the town, one can find the side that the locals see, roads and car rental agencies. Even backstage, the place was very clean with little litter or debris scattered around. We found a small market where we bought some soda's for €1.60 for TWO 1.5 liter bottles.

santorini_countryside.jpgFrom the backside of town, we could look over the countryside, which was quite pretty. Much of the arable land on Santorini is used for vineyards as wine is a high value product. Most food is imported. There are virtually no trees on the island, there is too much wind. Even the grape vines are grown down near the ground in "baskets" made of vines or they would not survive the wind. However, today, the weather was perfect, as it has been ever since we entered the Mediterranean.

2700_year_old_pot.jpgWe were told that there was an archeological museum in Fira. I was looking for it, but we didn't find it until we were about ready to leave. I was just scanning around a small courtyard near the cable car station and there it was. It contains some of the artifacts that were extracted from the ruins at Akrotiri, a town on the south part of the island that was buried in ash during and eruption in about 700 BC. This pot is 2700 years old.

4700_year_old_pot.jpgI'm not sure how the older stuff was found, but this piece of pottery is described to be from the 20th century BC.

Thursday, May 8, 2008, Kusadasi, Turkey, about 1700 GMT+3

may_8.jpgToday our stop is Kusadasi, Turkey. This is the 7th continent that Sandy and I have visited since we retired just 8 months ago. From the ship, we took a tour that dragged us all over. First we stopped at Ephesus, a Greek-Roman town of some importance that is currently under restoration. We went by the Archeological Museum to see many of the better artifacts that were recovered from Ephesus. Then it was off to the 6th century ruins of the Basilica of St. John, then to lunch at, of all places, a steam locomotive museum. Then we drove up a local mountain to the claimed home of Mary in the last part of her life. When we got back to the ship we did some shopping in a local bazaar.

ephesus_forum.jpgEphesus was an important port town in the 1st through 5th centuries. It was situated on a river at the coast. However, as the river valley silted up, the sea receded further and further to the point that the town faded away. However in its day, it was the most important place around. These are the ruins of the forum that was used by the leaders and upper class of Ephesus. From here, there is a wide road, paved in marble, that went about half a mile down toward the old port. The archeologists are trying to put the town back together again, most of the material is original, some patching has been done in concrete.

ephesus_main_street.jpgThere were about 60 tour busses scheduled to go through Ephesus today, not all at the same time however. There were people in plenty though. It was hard to find a spot to get a photo without people in the photo.

ephesus_library.jpgOne of the structures that has had significant restoration was the library. There were thousands of scrolls stored here at one time, no one knows where they are now.

8_hole.jpgAcross the street from the library is a public restroom. This is one stretch of public toilets. The public bath is next door and the overflow from the bath is flushed underneath the toilets, 48 in all, and out into the sewers under the street. There wasn't much expectation of privacy. The groove in front of the toilets was also flushed with water so that patrons could used a wet sponge to clean up. Imagine what it was like sitting on a marble slab on a cold morning.

artemis.jpgOne of the gods of the era was Artemis, the goddess of fertility. She was pretty important. All of her "features" were intended to represent fertility. This is a 2nd century AD statue in the Archeological Museum. There is an older, larger statue in the museum as well as another one in the Vatican Museum in Rome.

statue.jpgAnother statue in the museum was one of a proconsul of Ephesus. I included this photo because the head is detached from the rest of the statue. This was fairly common so that in case when a new emperor was crowned or some VIP came visiting, a new head could be placed on a generic body in a hurry. This is sort of an ancient form of photoshop.

temple_of_artemis.jpgArtemis had her own temple in the flatland near Ephesus. However, this one column of an original 127 is all that remains. The rest of the ruins have been raided over the years, first to build the Basilica of St. John in the 6th century and later to build a mosque in the 13th century.

steam_train_museum_4531.jpgWe we were taken to a restaurant nearby for lunch and a local folklore show. However, the site was apparently that of a Turkish Railways engine house. There were a couple of dozen restored steam locomotives, a full sized turntable, a couple of rotary snowplows, some passenger, freight, and maintenance of way equipment.

In the 15 minutes I had before it started to rain, I got photos of about half of the locos. They came from all over, England, Germany, France, Sweden and all of the major US builders, Lima, Baldwin, Alco, and Vulcan. Apparently the Turkish National Railways bought their equipment all over the world.

mary_s_house_4539.jpgMary apparently came to Ephesus with John in the later years of her life. John was sent into exile and Mary had to hide out. She is claimed to have lived and died in a house in the mountains. This restored house was built on a 1st century foundation that is claimed to be that house. It is part of a monastery and photography is not allowed inside. There were lots of folks that wanted to come here.

kusadasi__vendors.jpgBack in Kusadasi, we had an hour to burn so we found the local bazaar and looks around for more goodies. These vendor stalls were much the same as others that we have seen except that the streets were wider. Most items had prices marked in € but negotiation was possible.

ephesus_vendor.jpgAt least this vendor at Ephesus was up front about what he was selling. Other vendors were selling "ancient" coins that might have been minted yesterday, all manner of ceramic goodies and cast resin statues.

Friday, May 9, 2008, Mykonos, Greece, about 1300 GMT+3

may_9.jpgMykonos is another of the many Greek isles. Today, the weather was prefect, as it has been for most of the trip. I got rained on just a little yesterday, but it cleared up in only a few minutes. We don't have a formal tour scheduled for today, we just rode a shuttle bus about a mile into town and walked up and around the narrow streets.

mykonos_houses.jpgThe houses on this island follow the style used on most of the Greek isles. They are bunched together, all painted white and conform to the hillside so that everybody gets some breeze and a view.

mykonos_windmill.jpgThere are a few windmills here. When they are in use, small triangular sails will be attached around the ring. I'm not sure what they use the wind power for, probably pumping water.

mykonos_street_scene.jpgThe streets are typically narrow, and in the commercial section, are lined with shops. The paving stones are typically outlined in white paint. It lends a look of uniformity to all of the streets.

george_making_room_for_a_taxi.jpgIf the street is just a little wider, then there is vehicle traffic as well. I was walking down what appeared to be a pedestrian street when I heard a car behind me. It was a taxi that JUST fit.

mykonos_pickup_truck.jpgSince the streets are so small, vehicles tend to be small as well. This appears to be what passes for a pickup truck on this island. The front and back parts rotate around a shaft on the centerline to allow it to traverse uneven surfaces. There were also lots of conventional motorcycles, motor scooters and mopeds.

mykonos_tiny_church.jpgThe churches tended to be tiny too. We were told that there are over 800 churches on this island. This makes sense as this one, which was typical of several that we saw, could only hold maybe 10 people.

mykonos_farmers_market.jpgDown near the waterfront, we found a farmer's market. They were clearly there to sell to the locals. There was a wide variety of produce for sale.

mykonos_produce_delivery.jpgThere is also produce delivery in the form of an old lady leading a donkey. The donkey was strapped with baskets with more than a dozen varieties of fresh produce.

mykonos_supermarket.jpgWe stopped by this "supermarket" to buy some soda to take back to the ship. This picture encompasses about one third of the entire market. However, they had some of practically everything. 1.5 liter bottles of Fanta were €1.80.

mykonos_octopus.jpgA cafe down by the waterfront was using this boat as a sign. They specialized in dried octopus. This is how they dry them, tided up to the rigging of the boat.

After our foot tour, we headed back to the ship for an afternoon of relaxation. We have three more stops in Greece before we head for Venice and the end of the cruise.

Saturday, May 10, 2008, Athens, Greece, about 1730 GMT+3

may_10.jpgOur stop today was Athens and we had yet another tour booked. So it was up early and onto a bus again. The tour was "the best of Athens." We stopped at the National Archaeological Museum where I went into sculpture overload in less than an hour. Then it was off to the Acropolis, then lunch, then some "free" time in a shopping district, then back to the ship. This took some 8 hours.

athens_trolly_bus.jpgAll the way from the port to the museum, we had been following trolly bus lines. I always found trolly busses fascinating and I don't remember these the last time we were here. There was also a new streetcar system, put in for the 2004 Summer Olympic Games and a fully developed subway system. It is pretty clear that one can get around town pretty well on public transportation.

athens_aphrodite.jpgThere are hundreds of statues in the museum, at least in the part that we saw which wasn't nearly all of it. This is Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Many of the statues were damaged in some way, this one seemed to be mostly intact.

athens_minitor.jpgThe minitor is the mythical half man, half bull of Minoan legend. This is a minitor head. It is thousands of years old.

mask_of_agamemnon.jpgThere were many gold artifacts recovered from a group of grave sites that somehow were not looted. The Mask of Agamemnon is a particularly famous piece.

gold_octopus.jpgThe period goldsmiths were obviously quite skilled. This broach or pin was one of several on display, since each looked identical, they must have been worn as a set in some fashion. The actual size of the piece is less than an inch across.

athens_acropolis.jpgFrom the museum, we moved to the Acropolis. After climbing the hill, we got to see that considerable progress has been made in the seven years since the last time we were here. Then was over 100°F on the Acropolis. This time, it was in the low 70's, slightly cloudy so we didn't get hit by the direct sun and there was a cool breeze.

athens_sandy.jpgSandy was still feeling pretty good, but later in the day, she just wilted. During our shopping time after lunch, she was so dazed that she couldn't shop. It became clear that she needed a rest so I bought her a can of Coke and set her down in the shade to rest. After about 15 minutes, she found some energy and managed to get what she was looking for.

athens_lunch.jpgWe had lunch at a cafe in the Plaka District on our way down the hill. It was a typical Greek meal, starting out with this salad (tomato, cucumber, feta, onion and olives) with a yogurt and cucumber dressing. This was so good that I just kept picking on it until it was almost gone.

Then we did the shopping thing along Pandrosuo street until it was time to gather at the cathedral and meet the bus back to the ship.

Tomorrow, the ship stops at the port of Katakolon which the gateway to Olympia and yet more ruins, this time of the original Olympic Games sites. Our last stop in Greece is the following day at Corfu. Then we have one more sea day before we arrive at Venice late at night. We disembark early in the morning and then need to find our way to our hotel.

Sunday, May 11, 2008, Katakolon, Greece, about 1600 GMT+3

may_11.jpgToday we tied up at the port of Katakolon. There really isn't much here. The while town has about 300 residents. The port is the access point for Olympia, which is just a small village in itself. However, Olympia is the location of the ancient site of the Olympic Games that were first held in 776 BC and continued for about 1100 years. The games were as much a religious event as a sporting event and after the Roman Empire converted to Christianity, there was no room for a pagan ritual. The games were stopped and the while site fell into ruins. A pair of major earthquakes in the 6th century AD pretty much finished the site off.

olympic_stadium.jpgWe took a bus tour out to the Olympic site and museum. There is not much left but foundations so I am going to describe the two most important places in the site.

This is the stadium itself. The "field" is 200 meters from end to end. Foot races were not run in laps around a track, the runners did 200 meters and turned around for the next lap. This continued for as long as it took for the longer races. There was room for about 40,000 spectators (all male, females were not allowed to view the events) seated on the slopes surrounding the field. Any male could view the events, but only Greeks could compete.

olympia_zeus_temple_model.jpgThe whole event was dedicated to Zeus, the leader of all the Greek gods. A large temple was built in his honor. This is a model of what the temple looked like based on the existing ruins and contemporary descriptions.

olympia_zeus.jpgInside was a seated statue of Zeus made of wood and ivory. The statue was about 40 feet tall. The statue itself was recovered from the site by the Greeks around 500 AD, but it burned in a fire only a few years later, there is nothing left.

olympia_zeus_temple_ruins.jpgThis is what is left of the entire temple. The view is right in the entrance to the temple, Zeus would be seated at the other end. One column has been restored and set upright.

olympia_zeus_temple_column_fragments.jpgThe rest of the columns are in fragments surrounding the site. These columns were cut into fairly squat segments, about a meter thick, and stacked. The earthquakes took them down.

olympia_column_final.jpgEach column was topped with a final. This rock has to weigh at least a ton, but it is still recognizable.

olympia_zeus_temple_restored_final.jpgA restored final is on the top of the single restored pillar.

olympia_hermes_4664.jpgMuch of the statuary that was on the site has been recovered and is displayed at the Olympic Archaeological Museum. The best preserved statue is that of Hermes, one of the major Greek gods. Most of the rest of them are fragmentary or missing significant pieces as they were broken up in falls during the earthquakes. However, at least there are pieces of most of them there because the site was sort of forgotten and it was never looted.

olympia_pot_handle.jpgThe museum also has a collection of Greek artifacts that weren't directly related to the Olympic site. Many of the bronze artifacts survived well. This rather intricate piece was probably a pot handle.

olympia_helmets.jpgThey have a pretty good selection of bronze helmets. These are in pretty good condition. Some were bashed in such a way that, if the damage happened in battle, the wearer probably didn't survive.

olympia_train_station_4672.jpgAs we were leaving the site, we ran across this turntable at the end of a railway line. There was a narrow gauge railway that pretty much paralleled the road from Katakolon to Olympia. From the size of this turntable, the equipment used must have been pretty small. The rails on the rail line looked like that they were still in service. Just behind the blue tank there was a more recent station with people waiting on the platform, but we didn't see any actual trains.

katakolon_street.jpgThe tour was a half day affair, we got back at about 1230 and got lunch on the ship. Then we walked back into Katakolon. The whole commercial district was open on Sunday, this is pretty much it. There was one other parallel walkway along the waterfront that had mostly restaurants. A cruise ship coming into town must be a pretty big deal for these folks. The prices were a little higher than in Athens, most likely due to the sporadic nature of tourist business here.

Monday, May 12, 2008, Corfu, Greece, about 1330 GMT+3

may_12.jpgCorfu is our last port of call on this cruise before we disembark in Venice. This is the largest of the Greek isles and it is much different that the others that we have seen. First, it is lush as it gets much more rain than the other islands. Also, it has been heavily developed for longer. The other islands may have a much longer history, but Corfu's history is more dense, especially during the last 600 years or so. The Venetians settled it early and built a large fort and port. Later, it was taken over by the French (during Napoleon's time) and then by the British (after Waterloo) and then the island became part of Greece.

corfu_sunrise.jpgThis is the old town of Corfu just after sunrise as seen from our ship. The tallest point in the picture (with the flag mast) is where we actually ended up later in the day. Our tour took us by bus to the old fortress from where we took a guided walking tour through Old Town Corfu before the town even started to awake.

corfu_building.jpgThis is a Venetian style building in Corfu. This one appears to date from those times. This is mix of Venetian, French and Italian architecture throughout the old town.

corfu_quiet_street.jpgThis is a quiet back street in the old town before the shops that line this street opened up. After about 0930, everything was open and the shop fronts sprang out with goods and the streets filled with people.

corfu_french_arches.jpgThe French were only in Corfu for about 10 years but they did build this row of arches to look exactly like a street in Paris. Later, the locals built apartments on top of the arches. This row is almost solid cafes once the businesses started up.

Our tour was about an hour during the guided part, then they cut is free to explore on our own for nearly three hours. We elected to browse the shops (that were then mostly open) and then to visit the fortress that guards the harbor.

corfu_fortress_moat.jpgThe Venetians build a large fortress on a hill behind the old town and started on another one on a peninsula that overlooks the harbor. Later the British expanded on the harbor fort. This is the entrance to that fort. There is one small bridge crossing a "moat" that is really just a canal cut at the base of the peninsula. However, to storm the fort, one would have to cross that moat under the fire of cannon and then scale the walls that were about 40 ft high.

corfu_cannons.jpgThere were dismounted cannon all over the place. They appeared to be British because of a royal seal cast into some of them.

corfu_cannon_post.jpgSome of the cannon were upended and used for posts. There were maybe a dozen in use this way.

corfu_lighthouse.jpgWe climbed all the way up to the lighthouse on the "land" fort. The fortress is actually built on two hills, the one nearest the sea is called the "sea" fort. It was fenced off, there was no access to that side. The taller hill is the land fort, this has the flag standard and lighthouse on it.

corfu_old_town.jpgFrom there, we got a very good view of the old town with part of the Venetian fort in the background. The area around the bell tower is the district that we toured on foot.

corfu_ginger_beer.jpgThe tour guide recommended that we try some locally brewed ginger beer. This is a non-alcoholic beverage made from lemon juice, ginger root and a little sugar. It is highly carbonated. I bought this small bottle and the shopkeeper gave me detailed instructions on how to open it. If one just twists off the cap, the whole bottle will erupt and dump it's contents. It has to be just barely cracked open and allowed to vent slowly, then poured carefully. Even then, it takes on quite a head. I didn't like it much but Sandy thought it was good.

Then it was time to board the bus back to the ship for lunch. Sandy simply passed out, she is softly snoring in our cabin. We each walked over 10,000 steps today, or about 4.5 miles, and this just wiped her out.

Tuesday, May 13, 2008, At Sea, about 1000 GMT+2

may_13.jpgWe've been moving westward and have slipped back one time zone. Today is our last full day on the ship. We are sailing up the Adriatic Sea toward Venice. We are due to pull in at about 2200 tonight. According to our disembarkation instructions, we will leave he ship by 0800 tomorrow. We purchased a transfer to the Piazzale Roma station. We have instructions that will allow us to find our way from there to our hotel on the mainland.

Today will be primarily dedicated to recovery from the rather frantic pace if the last 10 days and preparation for the rather frantic next several days as we travel home. We have to pack and put our checked luggage out in the hallway by this evening. We'll gather it back up in the terminal tomorrow.

The plan is to find our hotel tomorrow morning, and then do some kind of tour, either of Venice proper or of the area inland. The next day will also be dedicated to tourist stuff. The following day we need to make our way to the airport to catch a flight to Dublin, then on to LAX.

This is a good spot to recap some of the more general observations concerning this cruise.

First, the food. It was generally competent, but not outstanding. The food was more bland than we've experienced on cruises in the past and there seemed to be less variety. This may be a Princess thing as the buffet on Holland-America seemed to provide more ethnic variety at every meal. The Princess chefs couldn't seem to figure out how to cook salmon, it was overdone every time so I started avoiding it. There was no grapefruit at all, but at least there was lots of pineapple. I had pineapple with nearly every meal, I figure that I ate about one whole pineapple every day. I found that the meals served in the dining rooms was not remarkable enough to spend the time there very often. We ate mostly in the buffet as the variety was generally better and the quality was about the same.

The sea conditions on this cruise were the mildest that we have experienced with the exception of the cruise to the Baltic. We had no heavy weather at all. Most often, any sort of pitch or roll was not detectable.

It was warm and humid in the tropical part of the cruise, bordering on hot during our tour to Marrakech, but generally very nice the rest of the time. We got a little rain on the morning of Devil's Island but that didn't matter much because the swell, which didn't impact the ship much but did impact the tenders, prevented us from going ashore. We also got some rain during our tour to Olympia. The rest of the time, it was shirtsleeve weather. I managed to avoid any sunburn at all without the use of sunblock. We also didn't encounter any insects so that repellant was not necessary either.

As far as misfortunes go, we've had only a few. I usually come back from vacations in worse shape than I left, but unless something bad happens in the next few days, that'll make three cruises in a row without a disaster. Sandy did sprain her ankle in Orlando, but it didn't prevent her from getting around although stairs were a problem. I got a case of Norovirus that took me out of service for a couple of days, but I recovered from that too. Sandy's main camera crapped out on the first morning in Orlando and I had a power brick for a USB hub burn up, but we worked around both of those failures. At this point, we haven't left anything behind anywhere but we still have ample opportunity to lose luggage and other stuff before we get home.

After we leave the ship, internet access may become spotty so the next update might occur from home.

Wednesday, May 14, 2008, Mestre, Italy, about 1330 GMT+2

may_14.jpgThe last stop on our cruise is Venice, Italy. It is a little unusual to arrive late at night, we got in at about 2200, and then get off the ship the next morning. However, some people disembarked as early as 0400 to catch early flights from Marco Polo Airport. Our flight out isn't until late Friday. We've made it to the hotel in Mestre Italy (just on the mainland from Venice) and are safely ensconced in our room.

costumes.jpgYesterday, I took a backstage tour in the Princess Theatre. These were three of the costumes used in the production show the previous night. The blue one is somewhat unique in that it is wired for lights. There is a battery pack in the back and dozens of white LEDs sewn into the dress. When a dancer hits the hidden switch, the dresses light up with a very good effect.

The stage in this ship is huge. The lowest part of the stage is on deck 5. This is were the orchestra pit and stage elevators go. The stage itself is on deck 6 and the overhead goes all the way up to deck 9. All the lighting is automatic and can be pointed and can change color by remote control. Each production is time keyed to the soundtrack and the lights are pre-programmed for each production.

venice_st_marks_square.jpgWe pulled into Venice harbor just at sunset last night and sailed past St. Mark's Square, the location of the clock tower, Doge's palace and the cathedral as it was getting dark.

venice_doges_palace.jpgThe ship offered a water taxi ride from the berth to St. Mark's Square for $15/head. We rode over to see St. Mark's at night.

This is part of the Doge's Palace. Venice was called a republic, but in fact, a Doge ran the show. There were elected representatives but the real power was in the hands of the Doge and a supporting council. There was also a "council of 10" who could basically try anybody for a crime without the accused being present and there was no appeal. The sentences were final.

During the day, the square is full of pigeons, at night there were none. The square was dimly lit and most of my pictures didn't turn out well. It was well past midnight by the time that we returned to the ship, and even though I was dead tired from lack of sleep the previous night, I didn't sleep much after we returned. Then it was up at 0630 to get ready to actually leave the ship.

venice_map.jpgVenice is a collection of low lying islands interconnected by short bridges. The Grand Princess was moored at the left edge of this map. St. Mark's square is the white patch at the lower right, near the lower end of the serpentine Grand Canal.

We purchased a transfer ticket to get from the berth to the the Piazzale Roma bus terminal for $24/head. The train station is just one bridge away from the bus terminal. It was maybe a one mile ride but at least we didn't get lost. We could have taken a cab directly from the ship to the hotel for less than the transfer cost us. Piazzale Roma is a white splotch on the map at the end of the road leading in from the upper left. From the terminal, we bought a couple of €1.10 bus tickets. The bus dropped us off a half block from our hotel.

Internet access in the hotel is very expensive, about €20 for one day. There are a couple of terminals in the lobby that are free but there is no FTP facility to do web page uploads. We wandered out to find lunch and an internet cafe. We found three different internet shops, but none of them would allow the use of my own computer so they were useless. We were also looking for a sandwich shop but we didn't find one in several blocks. We did find a supermarket and we bought some sodas and I got an olive focaccia loaf which was outstanding. Then we turned the other way to the train station (across the street from the hotel) to the McDonalds. There was a McDonalds there, but there was also the exact kind of sandwich shop that we were looking for. We got a couple of excellent prosciutto and mozzarella sandwiches and headed back to the hotel for an outstanding lunch and then a nap.

Thursday, May 15, 2008, Mestre, Italy, about 1530 GMT+2

mestre_hotel_bologna.jpgThis is our hotel in Mestre. It is dead across the street from the Mestre train station, one stop away from the end of the line in Venice.

mestre_condom_machine.jpgWhile we were strolling up the street yesterday, we found this vending machine right on the street. They are selling condoms. This wouldn't go over too well in the US, but in Italy, a lot more goes without comment.

The plan today was to see something besides Venice. We sort of threw a dart at the map to find a place to ride the train to. Virtually everyplace is steeped in history here, there is something interesting everywhere. We chose Padua, or Padova to the locals, which is about 30 minutes by train from Mestre. Padova is a moderately sized city with history going back to Roman times at least. Trains are a good way to travel to these places because they are usually inexpensive and you end up right down town. In Italy, the trains are subsidized, our fare was €9.40 both ways for both of us.

padova_streetcar.jpgOne of the first things that I noticed outside the Padova train station was this streetcar. What was odd is that it runs on ONE rail. The rail is a guide rail and electric current return, the car actually runs on rubber tires. However, at the other end of the line, there is no overhead wire. The cars apparently run on batteries as well and recharge when they are under wire. We did walk by the stop where the wire ended. The driver dropped the pantograph and the train trundled away with no engine sound.

padova_street.jpgWe mostly walked down one street from the station to a large plaza toward the south. The street was sometimes two way vehicle traffic, sometimes with the streetcar line on one side and vehicles on the other and sometimes pedestrian only. It changed names four or five times in the two miles or so that we walked.

padova_street_artist.jpgIn one square, an artist was working on a mural which he had taped down to the street. His work was pretty good.

padova_nigerian_street_vendors.jpgIn other parts, there were other artists, but of a different kind. This Nigerian vendors are illegal here. They are artists at not getting busted. They usually operate in groups with lookouts up and down the street. As soon as a police officer is spotted, these guys will quickly wrap up their wares in the sheet and run off. They are all over the place in Venice too.

padova_st_giustina_basilica.jpgThe Italians are really big on their churches. This is the St. Giustina Basilica. We didn't actually walk all the way there, we had gone far enough and elected to turn back at this point. From a distance, it also appeared to be closed. Italian business and churches tend to close up between noon and 1500 hours for siesta. Further, photography is typically not allowed within the churches.

padova_church_alter.jpgHowever, we got to the Church of Santa Marie dei Servi just before noon and it was open and did allow photography. It wasn't as ornate or nearly as large as the St. Giustina Basilica but it was still pretty impressive. We did go into another large church, St. Anthony's Basilica (which did not allow photography) and it was huge. There were at least a dozen minor alters and chapels in addition to the main alter.

padova_sandy_gelato.jpgWe stopped at a cafe on the way back for some sandwiches. They were pretty good, but they charged us €4 for a can of lemon soda which we saw in a market earlier for €0.37.

Further along we found an Italian gelato shop. Gelato is an Italian form of sorbet. Real gelato is REALLY good. I've never found anything better anywhere. Sandy appears to agree.

We then trudged back to the train station and a train back to Mestre was just getting ready to leave so we hopped on. This was a non-stop between Padova and Mestre and it took less than 20 minutes to get back.

Friday, May 16, 2008, Marco Polo Airport, Venice, Italy, about 1630 GMT+2

venice_actv_water_bus.jpgAfter seeing what a stiff walking tour did to Sandy yesterday, I figured that it would be better if we arranged a low impact tour of Venice. It turned out that the solution sort of fell into our laps. When we went to buy the bus tickets to Venice, we found that we could get a combo bus/boat ticket for €14 each which was good for 12 hours from the time that we got on the bus. So we elected for a low impact boat tour on the Grand Canal.

venice_grand_canal_1.jpgThere are numerous kinds of water taxis, gondolas and water busses plying the canals. The ticket was for a water bus that followed a scheduled route, just like a regular bus. We got on the number 1 boat which started at the Piazzale Roma and went all the way through the Grand Canal and out to the Lido (an sandbar island that forms the outer edge of the Venice lagoon). It then turns around and comes back the other way. Since we got on at the first stop of the run, the boat was empty and we got good seats by an open window. From the second stop on, the boat was SRO.

venice_grand_canal_2.jpgAt the end of the line, we had to get off the boat and get right back on the next boat into the same seats we had on the first boat. Both of these pictures are typical of the Grand Canal. The buildings are built right to the water's edge and the high water line is often somewhat higher than the door jams on the first floor. In these buildings, I assume that something has been done to prevent the ingress of water or perhaps the ground floor is simply abandoned. The whole island is built on wooden piles driven into the silt and it is slowly sinking under it's own weight. Rising sea levels are not helping either. The highest water is during the winter, during that time even St. Marks square partially floods.

venice_busy_street.jpgWe got off the boat on the second to last stop on the way back, the train station stop. There we found a many sandwich shops and we bought some food and drinks and then wandered down some pretty heavily used streets for awhile before turning back.

venice_masks.jpgMost of the vendors sell pretty much the same stuff. Decorative masks like these are big in Venice.

We walked back to the Piazzale Roma and caught the #2 bus back to our hotel where we had left our luggage when we checked out in the morning. We then walked about a block to the FlyBus station and caught a €3 ride to the Marco Polo airport where we are now. Our flight doesn't leave for 4 hours and we can't even check in yet but at least we are here.

Update, Friday, May 16, 2008, Dublin, Ireland, about 2330 GMT+1

We got to the Dublin airport for our layover and were routed right out of the terminal. So instead of trying to get some sleep inside the airport, we booked a room at the Bewleys Hotel, Dublin Airport. We are there now and they actually have free internet. We'll be here just to crash, it's back on an airplane tomorrow morning.

Saturday, May 17, 2008, North Atlantic, about 0540 PDT GMT-7

We in the air somewhere between Iceland and Greenland. They've just served a marginal lunch but at least it was food. On the flight from Venice to Dublin, it was food for purchase and it was very expensive for not much food. I made do on munchies that I had with me.

The hotel was ok, at least that have a 24 hour shuttle to the airport every 20 min. Some drunk pounded on our door or one nearby at about 0500 Dublin time and woke me up. I didn't get back to sleep but I did get about 5 hours and that will have to do. Sandy and I have a 4 seat row to ourselves, but 3 seats are not quite enough for me to lay down in and sleep so it looks like it's either sleep sitting up or none at all. We should get into LAX at about 1330.

Sunday, May 18, 2008, Torrance, CA, about 0820 PDT GMT-7

The flight into LAX was uneventful but long. However, we got to bypass immigration at LAX as there was a US immigration check at the Dublin airport by CBP officers. We took a cab home and got there at about 1430. We spent the rest of the day getting reoriented, backing up data, cleaning up a little bit and otherwise trying to get back to a normal life.

Even though I ate much more than I should have, I gained only a pound over the whole trip.

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© 2008 George Schreyer
Created Feb 14, 2008
Last Updated May 18, 2008